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Cnidaria

The following table lists the species in this taxon assessed under the Singapore Red List, which is intended to be published in the third edition of the Singapore Red Data Book in future.

You may find information regarding the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses. The IUCN conservation status is assessed globally while the RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses are assessed locally.

The information below is accurate as at the time of the listing on-line for the taxon.

Checklist of Cnidaria species from Singapore

No. Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Common name Global IUCN status RDB2 status RDB3 status
1 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Discosomidae Rhodactis indosinensis CarpetCorallimorph; White-tipCorallimorph Not Listed Not Listed LC
2 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Discosomidae Rhodactis inchoata Frilled Corallimorph Not Listed Not Listed LC
3 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Discosomidae Discosoma nummiforme BeadedCorallimorph, StubbyCorallimorph Not Listed Not Listed LC
4 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Discosomidae Discosoma spp. Striped Corallimorph Not Listed Not Listed DD
5 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Corallimorphidae Corynactis spp. Ball-tip Corallimorph Not Listed Not Listed DD
6 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Discosomidae Platyzoanthus mussoides Ridged Corallimorph Not Listed Not Listed DD
7 Cnidaria Anthozoa Corallimorpharia Ricordeidae Ricordea yuma Stubby Corallimorph Not Listed Not Listed DD
8 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Capneidae Actinoporus elongatus Very Long Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
9 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actinodendridae Actinodendron arboreum Christmas Tree Anemone; Fire Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
10 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actinodendridae Actinostephanus haeckeli Haeckel's Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
11 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Aliciidae Alicia sp. Alicia Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
12 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Anthopleura buddemeieri Pink-spotted Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed EN
13 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Anthopleura dixoniana Banded Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
14 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Anthopleura handi Banded Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
15 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Anthopleura nigrescens Banded Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
16 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Boloceroididae Boloceroides mcmurrichi Swimming Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
17 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Bunodosoma goanense Burgundy Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
18 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Cancrisocia expansa Not Listed Not Listed DD
19 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Thalassianthidae Cryptodendrum adhaesivum Pizza Anemone Not Listed Not Listed CR
20 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Diadumenidae Diadumene lineata Lined Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
21 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Diadumenidae Diadumene sp. Lined Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
22 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Dofleinia armata Glass Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
23 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Entacmaea quadricolor Bubble-tipped Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
24 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Heteractis crispa Leathery Anemone Not Listed Not Listed EN
25 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Heteractis magnifica Magnificient Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
26 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Heteranthidae Heteranthus verruculatus Sand Anemone Not Listed Not Listed VU
27 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Hormathidae Calliactis sp. Big Hermit Hitching Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
28 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Isactinia citrina Neon Anemone; Posy Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
29 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Macrodactyla aspera Glass Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
30 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Macrodactyla doreensis Snaky Anemone Not Listed Not Listed EN
31 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Haloclavidae Metapeachia tropica White Peachia Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
32 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Nemanthidae Nemanthus sp. Wrapper Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
33 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Paracondylactis hertwigi Striped Sand Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
34 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Paracondylactis sinensis Pearly Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
35 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Paracondylactis singaporensis Striped Bead Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
36 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Aiptasiidae Paraiptasia radiata Snail Hitching Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
37 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Haliactiidae Pelocoetes exul Branched Tentacle Mangrove Anemone Not Listed Not Listed CR
38 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Phymanthidae Phymanthus pinnulatus Banded Frilly Anemone; Frilly Anemonel Plain Frilly Anemone; Sand Anemone; Smooth Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
39 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Phymanthidae Phymanthus rhizophorae Filly Anemone; Six-Point Frilly Anemone; Sand Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
40 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Haliactiidae Stephensonactis ornata Petal-Mouthed Mangrove Anemone Not Listed Not Listed DD
41 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Stichodactyla gigantea Carpet Anemone; Giant Carpet Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
42 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Stichodactyla mertensii Merten's Carpet Anemone Not Listed Not Listed EN
43 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Stichodactyla haddoni Carpet Anemone; Haddon's Carpet Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
44 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Stichodactylidae Stichodactyla tapetum Carpet Anemone; Mini Carpet Anemone Not Listed Not Listed LC
45 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Haloclavidae Synpeachia temasek Brown Pachia Anemone Not Listed Not Listed CR
46 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Thalassianthidae Thalassianthus sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
47 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Edwardsiidae Edwardsianthus pudicus Not Listed Not Listed DD
48 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Edwardsiidae Scolanthus armatus Not Listed Not Listed DD
49 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Aliciidae Triactis producta Not Listed Not Listed DD
50 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Gyractis excavata Not Listed Not Listed DD
51 Cnidaria Anthozoa Actiniaria Actiniidae Mesactinia ganensis Not Listed Not Listed DD
52 Cnidaria Anthozoa Helioporacea Helioporidae Heliopora coeruluea Blue Coral VU Not Listed LC
53 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Cladiella hartogi Not Listed Not Listed DD
54 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Cladiella pachyclados Not Listed Not Listed DD
55 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Lobophytum crassum Not Listed Not Listed DD
56 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Lobophytum pauciflorum Not Listed Not Listed DD
57 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Lobophytum sarcophytoides Not Listed Not Listed DD
58 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sarcophyton crassocaule Not Listed Not Listed DD
59 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sarcophyton ehrenbergi Not Listed Not Listed DD
60 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sarcophyton glaucum Not Listed Not Listed DD
61 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sarcophyton tenuispiculatum Not Listed Not Listed DD
62 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sarcophyton trocheliophorum Not Listed Not Listed DD
63 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia abrupta Not Listed Not Listed DD
64 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia brassica Starry Leathery Coral Not Listed Not Listed LC
65 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia capillosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
66 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia compressa Not Listed Not Listed DD
67 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia depressa Not Listed Not Listed DD
68 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia erecta Not Listed Not Listed DD
69 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia exilis Not Listed Not Listed DD
70 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia gibberosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
71 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia hirta Not Listed Not Listed DD
72 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia lochmodes Not Listed Not Listed DD
73 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia microclavata Not Listed Not Listed DD
74 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Sinularia triangula Not Listed Not Listed DD
75 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Alcyoniidae Studeriotes spinosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
76 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Xeniidae Sansiba flava Broad Feathery Soft Coral Not Listed Not Listed LC
77 Cnidaria Anthozoa Alcyonacea Briareidae Briareum excavatum Not Listed Not Listed DD
78 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Anthoathecata Bougainvilliidae Thamnostoma macrostomum Not Listed Not Listed DD
79 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Anthoathecata Porpitidae Porpita porpita Blue Button Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
80 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Anthoathecata Zancleidae Zanclea sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
81 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Aequoreidae Aequorea conica Not Listed Not Listed DD
82 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Aequoreidae Aequorea parva Not Listed Not Listed DD
83 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Aequoreidae Aequorea pensilis Not Listed Not Listed DD
84 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Campanulariidae Clytia sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
85 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Eirenidae Eirene hexanemalis Eirene Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
86 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Leptothecata Phialuciidae Phialucium mbengha Not Listed Not Listed DD
87 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Siphonophorae Abylidae Ceratocymba leuckarti Not Listed Not Listed DD
88 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Siphonophorae Diphyidae Diphyes bojani Not Listed Not Listed DD
89 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Siphonophorae Diphyidae Diphyes chamissonis Not Listed Not Listed DD
90 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Siphonophorae Diphyidae Lensia sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
91 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Siphonophorae Physaliidae Physalia sp. Blue Bottle Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
92 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Limnomedusae Geryoniidae Liriope tetraphylla Jewel Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
93 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Limnomedusae Olindiasidae Craspedacusta sowerbii Freshwater Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed LC
94 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Narcomedusae Solmundaeginidae Solmundella sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
95 Cnidaria Hydrozoa Narcomedusae Cuninidae Cunina duplicata Not Listed Not Listed DD
96 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Coronatae Nausithoidae Nausithoe punctata Not Listed Not Listed DD
97 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Coronatae Linuchidae Linuche unguiculata Thimble Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
98 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Pelagiidae Chrysaora chinensis Ribbon Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed LC
99 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Pelagiidae Chrysaora melanaster Ribbon Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed Not Evaluated
100 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Pelagiidae Pelagia sp. Purple-striped Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
101 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Pelagiidae Sanderia malayensis Not Listed Not Listed DD
102 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Cyaneidae Cyanea lamarckii Lion's Mane Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
103 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Ulmaridae Aurelia aurita Moon Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
104 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Semaeostomeae Ulmaridae Ulmaris snelliusi Not Listed Not Listed DD
105 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Cassiopeidae Cassiopea andromeda Upside-down Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
106 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Cassiopeidae Cassiopea xamachana Upside-down Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed Not Evaluated
107 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Cepheidae Cephea octostyla Crown Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
108 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Cepheidae Netrostoma dumokuroa Crown Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
109 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Mastigiidae Mastigias ocellatus Golden Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
110 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Mastigiidae Mastigias papua Golden Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
111 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Mastigiidae Mastigias sidereus Golden Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
112 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Mastigiidae Phyllorhiza punctata White-spotted Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed VU
113 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Leptobrachidae Thysanostoma sp. Lavender Tiger Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed Not Evaluated
114 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Catostylidae Acromitus hardenbergi River Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
115 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Catostylidae Acromitus sp. Mangrove Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed VU
116 Cnidaria Scyphozoa Rhizostomeae Catostylidae Catostylus sp. Fat-armed Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
117 Cnidaria Cubozoa Carybdeida Carukiidae Morbakka sp. Not Listed Not Listed DD
118 Cnidaria Cubozoa Carybdeida Carybdeidae Carybdea sp. Sea Wasp Not Listed Not Listed DD
119 Cnidaria Cubozoa Carybdeida Tripedaliidae Tripedalia cystophora Mangrove Box Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
120 Cnidaria Cubozoa Chirodropida Chirodropidae Chironex sp. Multi-tentacled Box Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD
121 Cnidaria Cubozoa Chirodropida Chiropsalmidae Chiropsoides quadrigatus Multi-tentacled Box Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed Not Evaluated
122 Cnidaria Cubozoa Chirodropida Chiropsalmidae Chiropsella sp. Multi-tentacled Box Jellyfish Not Listed Not Listed DD

 

The list of the Categories used in 3rd edition of the Red List is:

 

Category

Abbreviation

Criteria

Not Threatened

Least Concern

LC

Not approaching the above criteria

Near-Threatened

NT

Approaching but not yet reaching the threshold for the above criteria

Threatened

Vulnerable

VU

There are fewer than 1,000 mature individuals but more than 250 and there may or may not be any other evidence of decline, small range size of fragmentation.

Endangered

EN

There are fewer than 250 mature individuals and no other evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Critically Endangered

CR

There are fewer than 50 mature individuals, OR if more than 50 mature individuals but less than 250, with some evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Extirpation

&

Extinction

Presumed Nationally Extinct

NEx

The species is extinct (extirpated) within Singapore but it still survives outside Singapore.

Globally Extinct

EX

The species is extinct all over the world, both in the wild and in cultivation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Categories

Data Deficient

DD

Inadequate information to make an informed assessment

Not Applicable

NA

Species that are not eligible for assessment at the national level (mainly introduced taxa and vagrants)

Not Evaluated

 

NE

Species that are possibly eligible for assessment but have not yet been evaluated against the criteria

Not Listed

NL

Species not listed in the records (in the IUCN Global Red List database, or the first edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 1 and second edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 2) for whatever reason


 

 

Last updated on 24 September 2021

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