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Porifera

The following table lists the species in this taxon assessed under the Singapore Red List, which is intended to be published in the third edition of the Singapore Red Data Book in future.

You may find information regarding the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses. The IUCN conservation status is assessed globally while the RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses are assessed locally.

The information below is accurate as at the time of the listing on-line for the taxon.

Checklist of sponge species from Singapore

 

No. Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Common Name Global IUCN Status RDB2 Status RDB3 Status
1 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Chondrosiida Chondrosiidae Chondrosia corticata Not Listed Not Listed LC
2 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Chondrosiida Chondrosiidae Chondrilla australiensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
3 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Chondrosiida Chondrosiidae Chondrilla mixta Not Listed Not Listed LC
4 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Verongida Ianthellidae Hexadella indica Not Listed Not Listed LC
5 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Verongida Pseudoceratinidae Pseudoceratina purpurea Not Listed Not Listed LC
6 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dendroceratida Darwinellidae Chelonaplysilla erecta Not Listed Not Listed LC
7 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dendroceratida Dysideidae Dysidea frondosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
8 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dendroceratida Dysideidae Lamellodysidea herbacea Not Listed Not Listed LC
9 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dendroceratida Irciniidae Ircinia irregularis Not Listed Not Listed LC
10 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dendroceratida Irciniidae Ircinia ramosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
11 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Coscinoderma matthewsi Not Listed Not Listed LC
12 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Hippospongia mollissima Not Listed Not Listed DD
13 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Hyattella intestinalis Not Listed Not Listed LC
14 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Hyattella tubaria Not Listed Not Listed LC
15 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Spongia (Spongia) ceylonensis Bath Sponge Not Listed Not Listed LC
16 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Thorectidae Dactylospongia elegans Not Listed Not Listed LC
17 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Thorectidae Hyrtios erectus Not Listed Not Listed LC
18 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Thorectidae Lendenfeldia chondrodes Not Listed Not Listed LC
19 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Dictyoceratida Thorectidae Luffariella variabilis Not Listed Not Listed LC
20 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
21 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Callyspongia) serpentina Not Listed Not Listed DD
22 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Callyspongia) diffusa Not Listed Not Listed LC
23 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Callyspongia) fibrosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
24 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Callyspongia) samarensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
25 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Cladochalina) spinosissima Not Listed Not Listed LC
26 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Euplacella) cf. communis Not Listed Not Listed LC
27 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Toxochalina) dendyi Not Listed Not Listed DD
28 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia (Toxochalina) folioides Not Listed Not Listed LC
29 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia aurantiaca Not Listed Not Listed DD
30 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia euplax Not Listed Not Listed DD
31 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia globosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
32 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia joubini Not Listed Not Listed LC
33 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Callyspongiidae Callyspongia spinulosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
34 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona (Gellius) amboinensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
35 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis Not Listed Not Listed LC
36 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona (Rhizoniera) australis Not Listed Not Listed DD
37 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona baeri Not Listed Not Listed LC
38 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona koremella Not Listed Not Listed DD
39 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Niphatidae Gelliodes fibulata Not Listed Not Listed LC
40 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Niphatidae Gelliodes spinosella Not Listed Not Listed DD
41 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Acanthostrongylophora ingens Not Listed Not Listed LC
42 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Neopetrosia carbonaria Not Listed Not Listed LC
43 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Neopetrosia compacta Not Listed Not Listed DD
44 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Neopetrosia chaliniformis Not Listed Not Listed LC
45 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Neopetrosia similis Not Listed Not Listed DD
46 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Petrosia (Petrosia) hoeksemai Not Listed Not Listed LC
47 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Xestospongia testudinaria Barrel Sponge Not Listed Not Listed LC
48 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Petrosiidae Xestospongia vansoesti Not Listed Not Listed LC
49 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Phloeodictyidae Oceanapia sagittaria Not Listed Not Listed LC
50 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Phloeodictyidae Siphonodictyon maldiviensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
51 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Haplosclerida Phloeodictyidae Siphonodictyon mucosum Not Listed Not Listed LC
52 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Scopalinida Scopalinidae Stylissa carteri Not Listed Not Listed LC
53 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Scopalinida Scopalinidae Stylissa massa Not Listed Not Listed LC
54 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Echinodictyum asperum Not Listed Not Listed LC
55 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Echinodictyum conulosum Not Listed Not Listed LC
56 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Echinodictyum lacunosum Not Listed Not Listed DD
57 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Echinodictyum mesenterinum Not Listed Not Listed LC
58 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Raspailia (Parasyringella) nuda Not Listed Not Listed LC
59 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Axinellida Raspailiidae Thrinacophora cervicornis Not Listed Not Listed LC
60 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Bubarida Desmanthidae Desmanthus rhabdophorus Not Listed Not Listed LC
61 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Bubarida Dictyonellidae Acanthella cavernosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
62 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Biemnida Biemnidae Biemna fortis Not Listed Not Listed LC
63 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Ancorinidae Ecionemia acervus Not Listed Not Listed LC
64 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Ancorinidae Jaspis splendens Not Listed Not Listed LC
65 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Ancorinidae Rhabdastrella globostellata Not Listed Not Listed LC
66 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Ancorinidae Stelletta clavosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
67 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Geodiidae Geodia distincta Not Listed Not Listed LC
68 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Geodiidae Geodia picteti Not Listed Not Listed LC
69 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Theonellidae Theonella cylindrica Not Listed Not Listed LC
70 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Theonellidae Theonella laena Not Listed Not Listed LC
71 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Tetillidae Cinachyrella arabica Not Listed Not Listed DD
72 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Tetillidae Cinachyrella australiensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
73 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Tetillidae Craniella abracadabra Not Listed Not Listed LC
74 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tetractinellida Tetillidae Paratetilla bacca Not Listed Not Listed LC
75 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Agelasida Agelasidae Agelas cavernosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
76 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Agelasida Agelasidae Prosuberites oleteira Not Listed Not Listed LC
77 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Acarnidae Acarnus primigenius Not Listed Not Listed LC
78 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Acarnidae Acarnus ternatus Not Listed Not Listed LC
79 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Acarnidae Acarnus wolfgangi Not Listed Not Listed LC
80 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Acarnidae Damiria simplex Not Listed Not Listed LC
81 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Crambeidae Monanchora clathrata Not Listed Not Listed LC
82 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Crambeidae Monanchora unguiculata Not Listed Not Listed LC
83 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Coelosphaeridae Forcepia (Foecepia) vansoesti Not Listed Not Listed LC
84 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Guitarridae Tetrapocillon patbergquistae Not Listed Not Listed LC
85 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Iotrochotidae Iotrochota baculifera Not Listed Not Listed LC
86 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Iotrochotidae Iotrochota purpurea Not Listed Not Listed LC
87 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Isodictyidae Coelocarteria singaporensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
88 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Clathria) transiens Not Listed Not Listed DD
89 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) cervicornis Not Listed Not Listed LC
90 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) filifera Not Listed Not Listed DD
91 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Not Listed Not Listed LC
92 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) robusta Not Listed Not Listed DD
93 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera Not Listed Not Listed LC
94 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina Not Listed Not Listed LC
95 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Wilsonella) foraminifera Not Listed Not Listed LC
96 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Clathria (Wilsonella) tuberosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
97 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Holopsamma laminaefavosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
98 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Aegogropila) crassissima Not Listed Not Listed LC
99 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Aegogropila) sulevoidea Not Listed Not Listed LC
100 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Carmia) murrayi Not Listed Not Listed DD
101 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Mycale) grandis Not Listed Not Listed LC
102 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Mycale) indica Not Listed Not Listed LC
103 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Mycale) sulcata Not Listed Not Listed LC
104 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale (Zygomycale) parishii Not Listed Not Listed LC
105 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Poecilosclerida Myxillidae Psammochela psammodes Not Listed Not Listed LC
106 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Cliona orientalis Not Listed Not Listed LC
107 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Cliona patera Neptune's Cup Sponge Not Listed Not Listed CR
108 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Cliona utricularis Not Listed Not Listed LC
109 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Spheciospongia inconstans Not Listed Not Listed LC
110 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Spheciospongia lacunosa Not Listed Not Listed DD
111 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Spheciospongia purpurea Not Listed Not Listed DD
112 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Clionaidae Spheciospongia vagabunda Not Listed Not Listed LC
113 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Spirastrellidae Spirastrella decumbens Not Listed Not Listed LC
114 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Placospongiidae Placospongia carinata Not Listed Not Listed LC
115 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Clionaida Placospongiidae Placospongia melobesioides Not Listed Not Listed LC
116 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tethyida Tethyidae Tethya robusta Not Listed Not Listed LC
117 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Tethyida Tethyidae Tethycometes radicosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
118 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Suberitidae Aaptos suberitoides Not Listed Not Listed LC
119 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Suberitidae Pseudosuberites cava Not Listed Not Listed LC
120 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Suberitidae Suberites diversicolor Not Listed Not Listed LC
121 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Suberitidae Terpios cruciata Not Listed Not Listed LC
122 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Suberitidae Terpios granulosa Not Listed Not Listed LC
123 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Halichondriidae Amorphinopsis excavans Not Listed Not Listed LC
124 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Halichondriidae Axinyssa pitys Not Listed Not Listed DD
125 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Halichondriidae Epipolasis suluensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
126 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Suberitida Halichondriidae Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea Not Listed Not Listed LC
127 Porifera Heteroscleromorpha Spongillida Spongillidae Eunapius conifer Not Listed Not Listed LC
128 Porifera Calcarea Clathrinida Clathrinidae Clathrina flexilis Not Listed Not Listed DD
129 Porifera Calcarea Clathrinida Clathrinidae Clathrina sororcula Not Listed Not Listed LC
130 Porifera Calcarea Leucosolenida Jenkinidae Anamixilla singaporensis Not Listed Not Listed LC
131 Porifera Calcarea Leucosolenida Jenkinidae Uteopsis argentea Not Listed Not Listed LC

 

The list of the Categories used in 3rd edition of the Red List is:


Category

Abbreviation

Criteria

Not Threatened

Least Concern

LC

Not approaching the above criteria

Near-Threatened

NT

Approaching but not yet reaching the threshold for the above criteria

Threatened

Vulnerable

VU

There are fewer than 1,000 mature individuals but more than 250 and there may or may not be any other evidence of decline, small range size of fragmentation.

Endangered

EN

There are fewer than 250 mature individuals and no other evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Critically Endangered

CR

There are fewer than 50 mature individuals, OR if more than 50 mature individuals but less than 250, with some evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Extirpation

&

Extinction

Presumed Nationally Extinct

NEx

The species is extinct (extirpated) within Singapore but it still survives outside Singapore.

Globally Extinct

EX

The species is extinct all over the world, both in the wild and in cultivation







Other Categories

Data Deficient

DD

Inadequate information to make an informed assessment

Not Applicable

NA

Species that are not eligible for assessment at the national level (mainly introduced taxa and vagrants)

Not Evaluated


NE

Species that are possibly eligible for assessment but have not yet been evaluated against the criteria

Not Listed

NL

Species not listed in the records (in the IUCN Global Red List database, or the first edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 1 and second edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 2) for whatever reason




Last updated on 24 September 2021

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