Vertical 5 – City in Nature (CoT R&D Programme)


Vertical 5 – City in Nature is a new research vertical formed under the Cities of Tomorrow R&D Programme (CoT) in RIE2025, to build on existing R&D efforts in greenery and biodiversity, and provide a scientific foundation that will support Singapore’s transformation into a City in Nature. This is aligned with our national ambition to create a green, liveable and sustainable home for Singaporeans.

Addressing the complex challenges involved in transforming Singapore into a City in Nature will require perspectives from a wide range of disciplines, including arboriculture, engineering, ecology, molecular biology, climatology, veterinary science, the social and behavioural sciences, and more. Vertical 5 – City in Nature therefore seeks to harness scientific expertise, technical capabilities, and practitioner experience that reside across various local research institutes, agencies, and companies, as coordinated by NParks.

Key Research Themes

R&D efforts under Vertical 5 – City in Nature will be centered around key focus areas such as:

  • Integrating rich and resilient biodiversity in terrestrial and marine ecosystems – to develop tools and techniques to enhance conservation of native flora, fauna and natural environments, improve biodiversity monitoring and build ecological resilience.
  • Safe, sustainable and productive methods in enhancing multi-functional greenery – to develop solutions to improve urban greenery operations and management, and its integration with built infrastructure.
  • Managing human-nature relationships – to develop biophilic solutions to improve physical and mental well-being, and enhance monitoring of human-wildlife interactions.
  • Nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation – to develop nature-based solutions to mitigate, adapt to, and build resilience against climate change. 

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