Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Wodyetia bifurcata

Family Name: Arecaceae (Palmae)
Common Name: Foxtail Palm
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Roadside Tree / Palm Single Obvious Trunk Palm


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Palm (Solitary Palm)
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 15 m


Native Distribution Australia

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A stunning, fast-growing, small or medium-sized, solitary palm that is renowned for its delightful crown of densely plumose (like the plume of a feather), gracefully arching fronds that have taken the liking to the tail of a fox.
Trunk Trunk smooth, unarmed, slender, closely ringed, columnar to bottle-shaped, slightly swollen at base; crownshaft slender, narrower green.
Foliage Fronds arching, long, densely plumose, bright green, 8 to 10 (for mature specimens); leaflets radiating out at all angles from the sheath.
Others - Plant Morphology Flower: Inflorescences white, emerging at the base of the crownshaft. Fruit: Fruits clustered, ripening from green to orange-red, about 5 cm long, single-seeded; seeds bearing forked fibres.Etymology:' It was discovered in 1978, when an Aboriginal man, whose Aboriginal name being recorded as 'Wodyeti', introduced it to botanists and the world's attention. Thus the genus epithet was honoured after him. Its species epithet 'bifurcata' mean twice forked, in reference to the pinnae and fibres in the fruit. Its common name, 'foxtail palm', was conveniently given in reference to the fronds, which are an allusion to the tail of a fox.
Cultivation Extremely versatile a palm, it tolerates a wide variety of soil and climatic conditions. Grows at a rapid rate when the palm is well fed and watered regularly. It thrives well in full sun and partial sun, and even indoors with brightly lit areas. Because of its deep root system, it is drought tolerant. When grown in a container, over-watering should be avoided. It is generally disease-free and is reistant to lethal yellowing (a phytoplasma disease that affects many species of palms). Propagate by seeds. Seeds germinate in 3 to 6 months.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Roadside Tree / Palm

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 2.5 (Palm - Solitary)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Palm) Single Obvious Trunk, Aboveground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange, Red

Image Repository



Master ID 1398
Species ID 2691
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.