Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Rchb.f.) Stein

Family Name: Orchidaceae
Semi-Shade Moderate Water Ornamental Flowers Lithophyte


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Lithophyte
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Local Conservation Status 1 Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A terrestrial or lithophytic herb, it has a clumping growth form. 
Foliage The leaves are green and linear to narrowly oblanceolate and can grow up to 60 cm in length and 4 to 5 cm wide. 
Flowers The flowers are are borne on an inflorescence bearing up to 2 to 4 flowers, the peduncle can grow up to 45 cm long and is purple and covered with short hairs. The flowers are large and consist of purple striped sepals. The lateral sepals are triangular with a tapering apex and are yellow with purple streaks. The flower lip is purple. 
Habitat It can be found growing at altitudes between 600 to 1200 m. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Low Humidity / Aircon
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed, Division

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Purple, White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Symmetry Bilateral

Image Repository



Master ID 32209
Species ID 6615
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.