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Ficus rosulata C.C.Berg

Family Name: Moraceae
Full Sun Moderate Water Native to Singapore Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 20 m


Native Distribution Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula and Borneo, including Anambas and Natoena Islands.
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree, up to 20 m tall. Twigs are 1–3 mm thick covered in small brown stiff hairs, and have nodal waxy glands. Internodes are hollow and the outermost layer of the stem can be flaky. Twigs often have small abortive axillary buds, similar to those below the leaves.
Foliage Leaves are oblong to obovate (6–15(–27) cm long and 2–6(–9.5) cm wide), often asymmetric with long leaf tip, cuneate to obtuse base and 6 – 12 pairs of lateral veins. Leaf margin is often entire, sometimes slightly toothed towards the leaf tip. Both upper surface and lower surface are mostly smooth except for the midrib or veins which are sparsely covered in brown stiff hairs. Only the lower surface have cystoliths present, and sometimes small waxy glands in the axils of the lateral veins. Petiole is 0.5–2.5 cm long covered in stiff brown hairs. Falling off early, stipules is 0.5–1.5 cm long.
Others - Plant Morphology

Figs are borne on branchlets that may or may not be branched (up to 60 cm long). The fig is green turning yellow-brown, sub-globose (2 – 3.5 cm diameter) covered with warty lenticels. The mouth of the fig is 3 – 8 mm diameter, with bracts arranged in a rosette and pointing outwards. Inside the fig, the female flowers are pinkish red with a long smooth style.

Habitat It is found in terrestrial forest, often along streams, up to 900 m altitude.
Similar Ficus rosulata differs from F. schwarzii by having no hairs on the inner surface of the fig and on the style of the female flower.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Papery, Leathery


References Berg, C.C. . 2010. Redefinition of Ficus schwarzii and two new species of Ficus (Moraceae).. Blumea. 55. 115 - 117

Ho, B.C., Lua, H.K., Leong, P.K.F., Lindsay, S., Seah, W.W., Bazilah Ibrahim, Loo, A.H.B., Koh, S.L., Ali Ibrahim & Athen, P.. 2018. New records and rediscoveries of vascular plants in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. . Gardens' Bulletin Singapore. 70 (1). 33 - 55

Image Repository



Master ID 33746
Species ID 8160
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 26 August 2021.