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Naja sumatrana


Naja sumatrana

Family Name: Elapidae
Taxonomic Group: Vertebrates (Reptile)
Common Name: Black Spitting Cobra, Equatorial Spitting Cobra


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Taxonomic Group 2
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Species Epithet
Common Names


Size 1 m
Description Head broad and slightly distinct from body. Body stout and cylindrical in cross-section, with stretchable fold of skin on both sides of the neck. Uniform iridescent black above. Underside bluish-grey with white blotches on the throat and neck.

Ecology, Habitat & Location

Ecological Notes Diurnal. Feeds on small animals such as rats and toads. Occurs in forest, scrubland and gardens. Highly venomous. Will raise the front part of its body when provoked, flatten its neck and hiss loudly. If warning display fails, it may eject fine sprays of venom from its fangs towards the eyes of its provoker. The spray can cover over one metre and can cause discomfort and even temporary blindness if it enters the eyes. In Singapore, this snake is common in scrubland and suburban areas, and individuals sometimes enter houses.
Habitats Forest, Parks & Gardens, Terrestrial, Urban
Distribution Distributed in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.


Species Status Native
Conservation Status Common




References Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Wild animals of Singapore. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp


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Species record last updated on: 29 January 2024.