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Bougainvillea glabra (red bracts)


Bougainvillea glabra (red bracts)

Family Name: Nyctaginaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Climber
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a rambling shrub, with short and thin thorns which curved at the tips. The thinner branches spread in many directions. 
Foliage Foliages are elliptical or oval in shape, where they are widest at the middle of the lamina. 
Flowers The flowers are small and cream-coloured, tube in shape, flowers continuously through the entire branch, covered by distinctive triangle-shaped, pointed red bracts.
Etymology Genus Bougainvillea is named after Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811), who was a French naval officer. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Small Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Container Planting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Little Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast to Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Drought Tolerant, Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Oval, Elliptical)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Non - Foliar and Storage

Stem Type & Modification Woody

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Red
Flower Texture(s) Papery
Flower Location Axillary
Individual Flower Shape Tubular
Flowering Period Free-Flowering

Image Repository



Master ID 39
Species ID 1335
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 February 2022.