Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Clitoria ternatea Fantz var. pleniflora

Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Common Name: Double Butterfly Pea, Double Blue Pea Vine, Double Asian Pigeonwings
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Caterpillar Food Plant Ornamental Flowers Climber, Vine and Liana Woody Herbaceous


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Herbaceous, Woody)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular, Leggy
Maximum Height 2 m to 5 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 1.5 m


Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A climbing legume with slender and twinning stems. .
Foliage Leaves are compound pinnate, alternately arranged along the stem, with 5 - 7 elliptic to ovate leaflets, measuring 2.5 - 5 cm long and 1.5 - 3.5 cm wide. Each leaflet is thinly papery. 
Flowers Flowers are large, deep blue, pea-shaped. Flowers are located on leaf axils. 
Fruits Fruits are Fruits are flat dehiscent pods. brown, linear to oblong.  Fruit splits open to release 6 - 10 black, oblong seeds.
Habitat Widely distributed throughout the tropics such as disturbed areas, riverine vegetation and grasslands. 
Cultivation It is easily grown by seeds. Let pods dry on plant, before collecting seeds for sowing. Fast-growing, but may be attacked by aphids, resulting in plant defoliation. Plant prefers full sun but can tolerate slight semi-shade. 
Etymology The genus Clitoria means clitoris, which refers to the flower shape. The specific epithet ternatea means from Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia.  Variety pleniflora means multi-petals, in reference to the flowers. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Flowers)
[Others]: Flowers are used as dye for colouring food such as Peranakan kueh and nasi kerabu. 

Landscaping Features

Landscaping Grown on trellis for attractive purplish-blue flowers with multiple petals. 
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses General, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Small Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden
SGMP Treatment

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Caterpillar Food Plant
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.