Classifications and Characteristics
|Ferns & Allies (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Fern)
|Plant Growth Form
|Lifespan (in Singapore)
|Mode of Nutrition
|India & Southeast Asia (including Singapore).
|Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Mountain, Secondary Rainforest, Monsoon Forest, Freshwater Swamp Forest, Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
|Preferred Climate Zone
|Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Highland / Montane
|Local Conservation Status
|Native to Singapore (Least Concern (LC))
Description and Ethnobotany
|It is a tree-like fern consisting of a single trunk bearing several large leaf fronds, up to 4 m tall, .
|Its leaf fronds are alternate, stalked, bipinnate, with its middle pinnae (first order of leaflets) growing up to 75 by 25 cm. The pinnules (second order of leaflets) of the middle pinnae are pointed at their tips, and about 11-14 by 1.5-2.5 cm, with slightly prominent, forked lateral veins on the underside.
|Reproductive Parts - non-flowering plant
|The sporangia are borne on the underside of the pinnules.
|It grows near forest fringes, open areas, from the lowlands to 1,200 m or more on the mountains.
|It can be propagated by spores.
|Greek, kuaqoj, little-cup, referring to the the basin-like indusium around the sorus, Latin, latebrosa, porous, full of hiding places, possible referring to the numerous pockets along the trunk formed from the base of the old leaf fronds that broke off.
|Others: The trunk is used as a growing medium for ornamental epiphytes.
|Its attractive, palm-like habit, and large leaf fronds make it an attractive ornamental plant for shaded areas.
|Desirable Plant Features
|Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Form
|Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal
|Seed or Spore Dispersal
Plant Care and Propagation
|Semi-Shade, Full Shade
|Plant Growth Rate
|Fast to Moderate
|Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
|Mature Foliage Colour(s)
|Foliar Arrangement Along Stem
|Rosulate / Rosette
|Foliar Attachment to Stem
|The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.