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Aloe vera


Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.

Family Name: Asphodelaceae
Synonyms: Aloe perfoliata var. vera L.
Common Name: Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Medicinal Aloe, Burn Plant, 芦荟


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Succulent Plant


Native Distribution Oman
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Mountain)
Local Conservation Status

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Succulent herb typically growing up to 0.3-0.6 m tall, but sometimes reaching 1.2 m tall.
Roots The roots form a mutually beneficial relationship with arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi which live inside the roots. The fungi helps the plant to extract soil nutrients over a larger area than the plant has access to, while the plant feeds the fungi with carbohydrates, lipids and nutrients.
Foliage Fleshy, triangular leaves (up to 0.9 m long) are arranged in a rosette. Light green leaves with white spots are smooth with a spiny leaf margin.
Flowers Yellow, tubular flowers are arranged in a spike inflorescence.
Habitat In Oman, Aloe vera occurs at altitudes of 1300 to 2600 m in dry, rocky and/ or exposed places.
Cultivation Aloe vera grows best under direct sun in well-drained, porous soil, but it also tolerates light shade. In Singapore, it grows well in pots that are sheltered from the rain. It is susceptible to fungal disease, so try to keep the leaves dry and keep soil from splashing on the leaves.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
Medicinal (

Scientific Evidence of Medicinal Properties

In pre-clinical and clinical trials, Aloe showed anti-diabetic (Huseini et al., 2012), antioxidant (Prueksrisakul et al., 2015), and cholesterol-lowering properties (Huseini et al., 2012) in animals and people.

In pre-clinical trials, Aloe showed pain-relieving (Egesie et al., 2013), anti-cancer (Saini et al., 2010), anti-inflammation (Egesie et al., 2013) and anti-microbial properties (Hussain et al., 2017) in animals.

Traditional Medicinal Uses

Research supports the traditional use of Aloe to treat wounds. The leaves contain a clear gel that is applied to minor cuts and burns to promote healing. 

Other traditional uses of Aloe include treating constipation.   

It is important to note that some therapeutic effects from traditional medicinal uses of plants are not currently supported or verified by scientific research. 



[Others]: The leaves contain a gel that is added to skin moisturizers.

Landscaping Features

Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Easy to Grow, Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Economic Garden
Usage Hazard - Cons Spines/Thorns - Leaf

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Little Water
Propagation Method Sucker


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Thick
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Truncate / Square
Typical Foliar Area Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
Typical Foliar Size To 0.5
Typical Foliar Size Unit m
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Individual Flower Shape Tubular
Inflorescence Type Spike



Egesie, U.G., Chima, K.E. & Galam, N.Z. (2011). Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of aqueous extract of Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) in rats. African Journal of Biomedical Research 14: 209–212.  

Huseini, H.F., Kianbakht, S., Hajiaghaee, R. & Dabaghian, F.H. (2012). Anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypercholesterolemic effects of Aloe vera leaf gel in hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Planta Med 78(4): 311–316. 

Hussain, S.A., Patil, G.R., Reddi, S., Yadav, V., Pothuraju, R., Singh, R.R.B. & Kapila, S. (2017). Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) supplemented probiotic lassi prevents Shigella infiltration from epithelial barrier into systemic blood flow in mice model. Microbial Pathogenesis 102: 143–147.

Klaikeaw, N., Wongphoom, J., Werawatganon, D., Chayanupatkul, M. & Siriviriyakul, P. (2020). Anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of Aloe vera in rats with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. World Journal of Hepatology 12(7): 363–377.

Prueksrisakul, T., Chantarangsu, S. & Thunyakitpisal, P. (2015). Effect of daily drinking of Aloe vera gel extract on plasma total antioxidant capacity and oral pathogenic bacteria in healthy volunteer: A short-term study. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine 12(2): 159–164.  

Rajasekaran, S., Ravi, K., Sivagnanam, K. & Subramanian, S. (2006). Beneficial effects of Aloe vera leaf gel extract on lipid profile status in rats with streptozotocin diabetes. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 33:232–237.

Rajasekaran, S., Sivagnanam, K. & Subramanian, S. (2005). Antioxidant effect of Aloe vera gel extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats. Pharmacological Reports 57:90–96.

Saini, M.R., Goyal, P.K. & Chaudhary, G. (2010). Anti-tumor activity of Aloe vera against DMBA/ croton oil-induced skin papillomagenesis in Swiss albino mice. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology 29(2):127–135

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Master ID 347
Species ID 1643
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 04 October 2022.