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Hibiscus schizopetalus


Hibiscus schizopetalus

Family Name: Malvaceae
Common Name: Coral Hibiscus, Shoe-flower, Bunga Sepatu, Japanese Hibiscus, Japanese Lantern, Fringed Hibiscus, Bunga Raya


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial


Native Distribution Tropical eastern Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, northern Mozambique)
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Narrow and erect woody shrub, able to grow up to 1 - 2 m tall.
Foliage Dark green leaves, ovate in shape, serrate margins, measuring up to 12 cm long. 
Flowers Lantern-like pink to red flowers, petals are recurved, flower has a long slender pendent staminal column.
Fruit Fruit is a cylindrical capsule.
Etymology Genus Hibiscus is from the Greek word hibiskos which Roman poet Virgil used to relate to the marsh mallow plant. Species schizopetalus means with deeply cut petals and it refers to the recurved and divided petals of the flower.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly-Attracting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Red, Pink

Image Repository



Master ID 802
Species ID 2097
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.