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Ixora 'Dwarf Yellow'

Family Name: Rubiaceae
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Bird-Attracting Caterpillar Food Plant Fruit & Vegetable Herb & Spice Bonsai Fragrant Ornamental Flowers Woody Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub (Woody), Tree (Big (>30m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Broad / Mushroom / Hemispherical
Maximum Height 30 m to 35 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 10 m


Native Distribution Tropical Asia, India, Indochina
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Medium sized, compact, woody shrub growing up to a 1 m tall
Foliage The leaves are simple, deep green, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate in shape, with entire margins. 
Flowers Individual flowers are tiny, yellow. 
Others - Plant Morphology Suitable for bonsai
Cultivation Requires full sun, rich, well-drained soil, and moderate watering. 
Etymology Genus Ixora refers to the name of a Malabar deity, Iswara.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
Food (Herb and Spice;Fruit & Vegetable)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Bonsai, General, Shade Providing Tree / Palm

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bird Attracting, Caterpillar Food Plant
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Maintenance Requirements Low
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting, Grafting, Marcotting, Air-Layering


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, Yellow / Golden
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Raised / Sunken Veins
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite, Alternate, Spiral
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical, Linear)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Acute
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot), 40 Tree Dense Canopy

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Non Palm) Woody
Mature Bark Texture Fissured
Stem Type & Modification Woody
Root Type Underground (Tap Root, Fibrous Root)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden, White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Inflorescence Type Panicle
Flowering Period Free-Flowering
Flowering Habit Polycarpic
Inflorescence Size Remarks Yellow portion of the petals turn brownish.

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red, Yellow / Golden, Pink, Green
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Berry
Fruiting Calendar - Angiosperm and Higher Non-Angiosperm Apr
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Few (1-5)

Image Repository



Master ID 837
Species ID 2132
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 19 December 2019.