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Ixora javanica


Ixora javanica (Bl.) DC.

Family Name: Rubiaceae
Synonyms: Ixora amara, Ixora amoena, Ixora cyathosperma
Common Name: Javanese Ixora, Red Ixora, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium, Pecah Periuk


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 3 m


Native Distribution Java & Adjacent Malaysia

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub that grows up to 3 m tall.
Foliage Light green, smooth leaves are oval with entire leaf margin (20 cm long). Leaves are paired (opposite leaf arrangement) and tend to droop.
Flowers Small, tubular flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged in a cross-like pattern. They are initially red-orange, but later turn red. Flowers are arranged in large, dense clusters that are about 7.6 cm wide.
Cultivation Feed once a month with a water-soluble fertilizer designed for acid-loving plants. Let the soil surface become slightly dry before re-watering.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Suitable for Bonsai

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly Host Plant, Butterfly-Attracting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Planting Distance 0 to 0


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Acute
Typical Foliar Area Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Red
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Tubular
Flower Transitional Changes Colour
Flowering Period Free-Flowering
Flowering Opening Time Daytime
Flower Lifespan on Plant Several Days
Flower Colour(s) Remarks Orange-red

Image Repository



Master ID 841
Species ID 2136
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 31 March 2023.