Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website

Musa × paradisiaca 'Ae Ae'


Musa × paradisiaca 'Ae Ae'

Family Name: Musaceae
Synonyms: Musa 'Ae Ae', Musa acuminata × balbisiana 'Ae Ae'
Common Name: Royal Variegated Banana, Variegated Hawaiian Banana, Sacred Banana, Ae Ae Hybrid Plantain Banana


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Shrubby


Native Distribution Hawaii
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Herbaceous plant up to 5 m tall.
Foliage The variegated leaves are large and very ornamental. Variegation appears as white and light green sectors on the leaf blade.  
Stems The stem is a pseudostem, formed by tightly packed leaf sheathes.
Flowers The inflorescence hangs down vertically. Flowers are yellow with purple bracts.
Fruit The fruits are also variegated.
Cultivation Plants do well in a sheltered location with consist moist but well-drained, fertile soils. Need protection from winds. The plant can be used as focal plants in the garden, and also suitable for container-growing. Give ample spacing between plants so that leaves have space to spread out gracefully. Propagation can be done by dividing suckers. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits
Food (Fruit or Vegetable)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
Landscape Uses General, Focal Plant, Container Planting, Parks & Gardens
Thematic Landscaping Economic Garden, Naturalistic Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Moist Soils
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Sucker, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, White, Green - Light Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Oblong)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire
Typical Foliar Area Macrophyll ( 182.25cm2 - 1640.25 cm2 )
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Non Palm) Non Woody
Stem Type & Modification Pseudostem
Root Type Underground (Fibrous Root)
Specialised Storage Organ(s) Underground (Rhizome)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers , Monoecious
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden, Purple
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flowering Habit Monocarpic

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Green, White
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Fleshy Fruit , Berry

Image Repository



Master ID 946
Species ID 2240
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 February 2022.