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Musa velutina


Musa velutina H. Wendl. & Drude

Family Name: Musaceae
Synonyms: Musa dasycarpa
Common Name: Velvet Pink Banana, Hairy Banana, Pink Fruiting Banana, Self-peeling Banana

Musa velutina is an ornamental banana known as Velvety Pink Banana. Growing up to 1.5 m tall, it has light pink bracts, yellow flowers and red fruits. The fruits are sweet and edible that splits when ripe. Velvety Pink Banana is suitable to be grown in containers and with adequate sunlight, it flowers freely year-round.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
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Name Status (botanical)
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Shrubby
Maximum Height 1.2 m to 1.8 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 0.9 m to 1.5 m


Native Distribution Assam, East Himalaya
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a slender, short herb that grows up to 1.5 m tall. It has a yellowish-green to purplish-green pseudostem that produces suckers freely.
Foliage Its leaves are large, green, elliptic oblong in shape, measuring between 87 – 95 x 33 – 35cm in size. Leaf edges are often torn by wind.
Flowers Its flowers are monoecious, separate male and female flowers found on the same plant. Flowers are yellow to orange, enclosed within the bracts. The bracts are light pink in colour with white stripes externally. With maturity, the inflorescence will degenerate leaving only the fruits on the stalk. This plant flowers year-round.
Fruit Its fruits are angular, about 8 cm long. Each ‘hand’ consists of 3 to 4 ‘fingers’. The fruits are reddish-pink covered in velvety hairs. The skin of the fruits comes off as the fruits ripen, revealing its creamy-white flesh. Fruits contain many fairly large black seeds.
Habitat Occur in forests, woodlands, savanna, shrublands, inland, elevation range between 0 – 1500m.
Cultivation Propagate by seeds, suckers or division. Seed-grown plants able to bear fruit in around 1 year.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits
Food (Fruit or Vegetable)
Others: Fruits reported to be edible raw, with delicious sweet taste, although the many embedded seeds have to be removed. To be eaten within one day of the skin splitting open. Flowers and leaves used in floral arrangements for a tropical look. In some parts of India, the male buds are harvested and eaten as vegetables. Leaves are used as wrapping materials or containers for food in local markets.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping Suitable for small gardens and containers. May be used in interiorscapes -- one of the few banana species that can fruit while located indoors. Fast-growing and performs best in damp but well-draining soils.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits
Landscape Uses Container Planting, General, Focal Plant, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant
Thematic Landscaping Economic Garden, Naturalistic Garden
SGMP Treatment

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Sun
Water Preference Lots of Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast
Rootzone Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Sucker, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Spiral
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire - Wavy / Undulate
Foliar Apex - Tip Truncate
Typical Foliar Area Megaphyll (>1640.25cm2 )
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Stem Type & Modification Herbaceous
Root Type Underground (Fibrous Root)
Specialised Storage Organ(s) Underground (Rhizome)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers , Monoecious
Flower Colour(s) Pink, Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Tubular
Flowering Period Free-Flowering
Flowering Habit Polycarpic

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Pink
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Fleshy Fruit , Berry

Image Repository



Master ID 954
Species ID 2248
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 01 March 2022.