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Tridax procumbens


Tridax procumbens

Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Common Name: Coat Buttons, Kanching Baju, 羽芒菊


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 0.2 m to 0.5 m


Native Distribution Mexico

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Annual to perennial herbs with decumbent stems up to 0.5 m long that lie along the ground and curve upwards near the tip.
Foliage Ovate to lanceolate leaves are deeply toothed in an irregular pattern. Opposite leaves.
Flowers Compound, daisy-like flowers are composed of yellow disk florets and 4 white ray florets.  The tip of the petal-like appendage of the ray florets is divided into 3-4 rounded lobes. 
Fruit Dry, indehiscent fruits are known as achenes. The brown, oblong fruits (2 mm long) are covered in silky hairs and have a 5-6 mm long pappus (a feathery appendage which helps the fruit to disperse by wind).
Cultivation This species is considered a weed in many countries and is not typically cultivated.
Ethnobotanical Uses Others: It can be used as rabbit fodder.
Species record last updated on: 04 July 2021.