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Diospyros blancoi


Diospyros blancoi A. DC.

Family Name: Ebenaceae
Synonyms: Diospyros discolor, Diospyros philippinensis
Common Name: Butter Fruit, Velvet Persimmon, Velvet Apple, Mabolo, Buah Lemak, Buah Mentega


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Small (6m-15m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Conical
Maximum Height 7 m to 15 m


Native Distribution Endemic to the Philippines.
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a evergreen tree, 7-15 m tall, with a conical crown.
Crown Conical in shape.
Trunk Trunk diameter about 50 to 80 cm wide.
Foliage Its stalked, leathery, alternate leaves are oblong in shape, 8-30cm long by 2.5-12 cm wide, with rounded base and pointed tip. The upper surface is dark-green and shiny, while the lower surface is silvery and hairy. The young leaves are pinkish in colour.
Flowers It is a dioecious plant, with separate plants bearing male or female flowers. The urn-shaped male flowers are borne on axillary cymes, in small clusters of 3-7 flowers. The corolla is four-lobed and creamy white in colour. The urn-shaped female flowers are similar in appearance to the male flowers, except that they are solitary, and slightly larger than the male flowers.
Fruit Its fruits are fleshy berries that are round or slightly flattened on one side. 5-12 cm by 8-10 cm, with a reddish brown velvet skin and creamy white to yellow flesh that is sweet and aromatic. The fruits are said to emit a strong odour that resembles cheese.
Habitat It grows in primary and secondary forests in Philippines, from low to medium altitudes.
Associated Fauna Its fruits are eaten by mammals such as monkeys and squirrels.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed or grafting.
Etymology Greek dios, divine; Greek pyros, wheat, meaning divine wheat or food; Latin blancoi, named in honour of Francisco Manuel Blanco, a Spanish friar and botanist who contributed greatly to the knowledge of the flora of Philippines.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits
Food (Fruit or Vegetable)

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for growing in parks, gardens and along roads for its attractive conical, dense crown and reddish brown velvety fruits. It is also said to be very resistant to typhoons.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
Landscape Uses General, Suitable for Roadsides, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden, Economic Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Propagation Method Seed, Grafting, Marcotting, Air-Layering
Plant Growth Rate Remarks Slow
Seed / Spore Germination Duration 24 days


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Pink
Young Flush Texture(s) Hairy / Hirsute
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Rounded
Foliar Base Acute
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Branch Angle (wrt vertical) Horizontal

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers , Dioecious
Flower Colour(s) White, Cream / Off-White
Flower Grouping Solitary, Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Urceolate / Urn-shaped
Inflorescence Type Cyme
Flowering Period Hot & Dry Period

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Brown, Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type
Mature Seed Colour(s) Brown

Image Repository



Master ID 1556
Species ID 2849
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 15 February 2022.