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Hevea brasiliensis


Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A.Juss.) Müll.Arg.

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae
Common Name: Para Rubber, Rubber Tree, Pokok Getah, Hevea, Pokok Getah Para, Brazilian Rubber Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Plant Shape Oval
Maximum Height 20 m to 25 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 22 m


Native Distribution Tropical South America
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Spontaneous (Naturalised))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a medium sized deciduous tree which has a oblong to conical crown shape that spreads out near the top of the tree.
Trunk Trunk is smooth, straight and grey. Sticky white latex is produced when bark is cut or damaged.
Foliage Compound leaves 30-60cm, having 3 outward pointing boat-shaped leaflets joined to a long stalk. Leaves change from green to orange-brown before shedding.
Flowers Occurring in small bunches, flower is small, unisexual, pale yellowish coloured, bell-shaped and slightly scented. Female flowers are slightly bigger than male flowers.
Fruit Fruit is a woody capsule with 3-lobed, and about 5 cm diameter. When it dries, it explodes with a loud sound resembling the sound of a gun-shot, "firing" the 3 seeds away from the parent plant. Seed is about 2.5 cm wide and has a beautiful marbled appearance.
Cultivation Full sun, will perform well on most soils as long as there is adequate drainage. Propagation by fresh seeds.
Ethnobotanical Uses Cultural / Religious: Heritage Tree: There is currently 1 individuals of Hevea brasiliensis listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
Others: Introduced to Malaya by the British as an alternative source of latex for making natural rubber products. As natural rubber fell out of use, this tree is now of little economic value. However, the wood can be used to make furniture and packing crates.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic (Explosive Dehiscence)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast
Rootzone Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Spiral
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Brown
Fruit Type Dehiscent Dry Fruit , Capsule

Image Repository



Master ID 1660
Species ID 2953
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 January 2024.