Classifications and Characteristics
|Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
|Plant Growth Form
|Preferred Climate Zone
Description and Ethnobotany
|It is a tree, up to 25 m tall, with buttresses. Bark is smooth grey when young, and becoming reddish-brown and scaly as the tree mature.
|Leaves are pinnate, up to 35 cm long and comprise of 8 – 12 pairs of leaflets. Leaflet is leathery, ovate to lanceolate (10 – 16 cm long and 4 – 6 cm wide) with entire or serrated leaf margin. It is light green on the upper surface while dark green on the lower surface. Leaflet has unequal oblique base, acuminate apex and a short petiole (0.3 – 0.6 cm long).
|Inflorescence occurs at the axillary position and comprises of small flowers. Flowers are greenish yellow with 5 petals, 5 sepals, cylindrical staminal tube, and 10 stamens. Usually only one flower develops into fruit even when pollination occurs on all flowers.
|Fruit is woody, brown and oval shaped (6 – 10 cm long). Mature fruit splits open into 5 parts and releases numerous brown winged seeds (4 – 7 cm long).
|It is pollinated by insects.
|Hybridization with Swietenia macrophylla is common if they are grown in proximity.
|Genus Swietenia commemorates Gerard von Swieten (1700-1772), botanist and physician to Maria Theresa of Austria.
|Timber & Products: Wood is highly valuable and resistant to decay or insect attack. It is dark reddish brown and used to make furniture, musical instruments and veneer.
Cultural / Religious: Heritage Tree: There is currently one individual of Swietenia mahagoni listed as Heritage Tree in Singapore. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
|Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal
Plant Care and Propagation
|Lots of Water, Moderate Water
|Plant Growth Rate
|Mature Foliage Colour(s)
|Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio
|3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
|The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.