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Triadica cochinchinensis


Triadica cochinchinensis

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae
Synonyms: Sapium discolor
Common Name: Mouse Deer's Delight, 山乌桕


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 25 m


Native Distribution Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Least Concern (LC))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Triadica cochinchinensis can grow to 25 m tall. 
Foliage Leaves are pinkish when young, green when mature and withering red. Leaves are elliptic to oblong-ovate (4 – 10 cm long and 2.5 – 5 cm wide) and alternately arranged.  Petiole is 3 – 6 cm long with a pair of round glands and stipules is present (0.3-2 mm by 0.6-0.7mm). 
Flowers Inflorescences (about 4 - 12 cm long) occurs at the terminal ends. Female flowers occurs at lower part and male flowers occurs in upper part region or throughout the inflorescence. 
Fruits Fruit is 7 – 9mm long and the base is clavate. Seed is about 3.5-5 mm long and 3.5-4.5 mm wide with pale grey sarcotesta. 
Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: The wood is used to make matchsticks and tea boxes. The roots and leaves are also used for traumatic injury and to detoxify snakebites. The seed oil is used to make soap. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, Red
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)

Image Repository



Master ID 1900
Species ID 3193
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 18 February 2022.