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Ficus rumphii (cream-green leaves)


Ficus rumphii (cream-green leaves)

Family Name: Moraceae
Common Name: Golden Rumph’s Fig, Golden Mock Bodhi Tree, 乳边心叶榕, 乳边假菩提树


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Rounded
Maximum Height 12 m to 15 m


Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Small to medium-sized tree, up to 15m height under cultivation. Crown dense and rounded.
Trunk Solitary for standalone trees, massively caudiciform (swollen), with network of clasping aerial roots that eventually thicken to form pillar roots. Bark grey-brown, shallowly-cracked.
Foliage Leaves variegated, with distinct mottled grey-green centre integrating unevenly into pale creamy margins; some leaves totally albino-creamy in colour, characteristical of a chimeric cultivar. Obovate to obovate-cordate in shape, with wavy edges and slight drip-tip that is less distinct than that found on the similar-looking leaves of Ficus religiosa (Bodhi Tree). Species form known to be deciduous from winter to early spring in sub-tropical climates, while this cultivar exhibits occasional leaf-shed towards end of the year under local conditions, during which the crown becomes relatively bare for some 1-2 months.
Others - Plant Morphology Category: Hemi-epiphytic strangler tree-fig. (Wild specimens of the species form usually start life as self-sown epiphytes on host trees or in building crevices.)Flowers & Fruits: Plant is monoecious, with minute male, gall (sterile) and female flowers found in separate synconium receptacles on the same tree. Reproductive stage for this cultivar has not been observed under local conditions.Ethymology: Genus epithet 'Ficus' derived from Latin name for edible fig Ficus carica. Species epithet 'rumphii' named in honor of tragedy-plagued German-born Dutch naturalist, Georg Everhard Rumpf (Rumphius, 1627-1702), who authored the seminal 'Herbarium Amboinens', which first described several tropical plant species later credited to father of modern taxonomy Linnaeus, and whose content contributed to Linnaeus' subsequent development of the binomial taxonomic classification system.
Cultivation Slow-growing but hardy. Drought-tolerant when mature. Appears to prefer acidic soils. Allow enough room for growth of trunk. Propagate by stem cuttng and air-layering. Note: All cut or bruised plant surfaces exude a milky sap that is toxic if ingested, may also cause skin irritation in susceptible individuals..

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses Suitable for Bonsai, General, Shade Providing Tree / Palm, Focal Plant
Thematic Landscaping Golden Garden, Naturalistic Garden
Usage Hazard - Cons Irritant - Sap
Usage Hazard - Cons Remarks Injured surfaces exude milky white sap.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Slow
Rootzone Tolerance Drought Tolerant, Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Stem Cutting, Air-Layering


Foliage Retention Drought / Semi-Deciduous
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate, Cordate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire - Wavy / Undulate
Foliar Apex - Tip Cuspidate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse
Typical Foliar Area Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Non Palm) Woody
Mature Bark Texture Smooth
Stem Type & Modification Woody
Root Type Underground (Tap Root, Fibrous Root), Aboveground (Aerial Root)
Specialised Storage Organ(s) Aboveground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers , Monoecious
Inflorescence Type Syconium
Flowering Period Remarks Not observed yet in Singapore

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Fleshy Fruit , Multiple Syconium (receptacle)

Image Repository



Master ID 29163
Species ID 3472
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 13 June 2024.