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Ochrosia oppositifolia (Lam.) K.Schum.

Family Name: Apocynaceae
Synonyms: Cerbera oppositifolia Lam., Neisosperma oppositifolium (Lam.) Fosb. & Sach.
Common Name: Twin-Apple
Full Sun Moderate Water Native to Singapore Coastal Plant Suitable for Roadsides Fragrant Plant Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 18 m


Native Distribution Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga.
Native Habitat Terrestrial, Shoreline
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Presumed Nationally Extinct (NEx))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree, up to 18 m tall, with white, milky latex on bruised parts.
Foliage Its 3-5 whorled, stalked leaves have fleshy leaf blades that are usually reverse egg-shaped, light green, and 4.5-36 by 1.5-18 cm.
Flowers Its white, 5-petaled flowers are 1.3 cm wide and fragrant, growing on 2-17 cm long inflorescences.
Fruits Its fruits are ellipsoid or ovoid that ripen from green to yellow or orange, 5-8.5 cm by 3-5.5 cm.
Similar It grows on rocky and sandy seashores, in beach vegetation, coastal forests, and the edge of mangrove forests.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by insects.
Etymology Genus Ochrosia from a Greek word which means pale-yellow, referring to the whitish flowers. Latin oppositifolia, leaves arranged in pairs, opposite each other on the stem, referring to the leaf arrangement in the species.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal ( It is used to treat fever and stomach problems in Vietnam folk medicine.)

Landscaping Features

Landscaping The plant resembles a more neatly branching frangipani (Plumeria species or hybrids). It is a tree suitable for gardens, parks and possibly roadsides.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Form, Fragrant (Flowers)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray
Landscape Uses General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green - Light Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite, Whorled
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Symmetry Radial

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange, Yellow / Golden
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 30185
Species ID 4494
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 10 August 2022.