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Gonostegia hirta


Gonostegia hirta

Family Name: Urticaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Habitat Terrestrial

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a herb with usually prostrate growth habit.
Foliage Leaves are arranged oppositely along the stems, stipules ovate, petiole of about 1 - 4 mm long. Leaf blades are narrowly lanceolate, measuring up to 10 long and 2.8 cm wide, having thinly papery texture. The upper surface have sparsely stiff bristles or almost smooth along the veins, while under surface is sparsely pubescent (hairy). Apex is acute to acuminate while base is subcordate to rounded.
Stems Stems are four-angled and pubescent (hairy).
Flowers Plants can be monoecious (both male and female flowers on the same plant) or dioecious (male and female flowers on different parents). Flowers are yellowish, arranged at the leaf axils.
Fruit Fruit is achene, white to black, ovoid in shape.
Habitat Found in weedy areas, stream banks, weedy patches, thickets, and rice fields.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal: It is believed to treat boils and bone dislocations or fractures.

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Hairy / Hirsute
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green
Foliar Modification Stipule
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute, Acuminate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flowering Period Free-Flowering

Image Repository



Master ID 30542
Species ID 4851
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 15 September 2023.