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Crinum 'Menehune'


Crinum 'Menehune'

Family Name: Amaryllidaceae
Common Name: Red Bog Lily, Red Swamp Lily, Fire & Ice Bog Lily

Crinum 'Menehune' is a hybrid lily cultivar adapted to the subtropics or tropics. It is special in the sense that it can grow in water up to 15 cm deep and also in the ground. It was introduced by the Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant, Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent, Waterside / Marginal)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Compact
Maximum Height 0.6 m to 1 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 0.6 m to 1 m


Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A short herbaceous perennial that grows from bulbs and forms clumps up to 0.9 m tall. It is thought to originate from a cross between Crinum amabile and a Crinum species from the Caribbean.
Foliage Dark purplish red, glossy leaves are strap-shaped with pointed leaf apex and entire leaf margin (2.5 - 5 cm wide). They have a slightly pleated leaf surface and are arranged in a rosette.
Flowers Dark pink flowers have 6 narrow, linear petals that are bent backwards and 7 - 8 red, long stamens. Flowers are arranged in an umbellate inflorescence (several stalked flowers united at the base to a single point). The inflorescence is borne on a thick, dark red stalk.
Fruits Dry, dehiscent fruits are known as capsules. Fruits and seeds are both approximately round.
Others - Plant Morphology The underground bulb can grow up to 22 cm wide or more.
Cultivation This cultivar is best grown under full sun so that leaf colour will be better and more flowers will be produced. However, it can tolerate light shade. Specimens should be planted 0.9 - 1.2 m apart in fertile soil mixed with compost . It is tolerant of waterlogged soils. For cultivation as an emergent aquatic plant, the specimen should be potted in a 1 - 3 gallon container and positioned so that the soil surface is 8 - 15 cm below water. It is resistant to most pests, because the leaves contain toxic alkaloids. However, it is susceptible to the black-and-yellow striped amaryllis caterpillar Brithys pancratii and also sometimes attacked by snails and slugs.
Etymology The genus "Crinum" is derived from the Greek word for iris or lily ("krinon"). The cultivar name "Menehune" was named after a mythological race of Hawaiian forest dwellers who were short, dark-skinned and kept to themselves.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping This cultivar is grown for its ornamental foliage and flowers. The leaves remain consistently purplish red, unlike those of Crinum procerum which fade in colour. The dark red leaves will provide contrast against a mostly green landscape. It will thrive in waterlogged areas where many species cannot grow. As as aquatic plant, consider growing it along pond margins or as an emergent aquatic plant.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site)
Landscape Uses Pond / Lake / River
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Lots of Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast to Moderate
Planting Distance From 0.9
Planting Distance To 1.2
Diseases It is susceptible to the black-and-yellow striped amaryllis caterpillar (Brithys pancratii) and also sometimes attacked by snails and slugs.
Pest(s) Associated with, Chewing Insects
Propagation Method Division, Storage Organ (Bulb), Viviparious Propagule
Propagule Establishment Remarks It can be propagated by dividing the bulbs or removing and replanting daughter plants known as offsets.
Propagation Method Remarks Propagate by dividing the bulbs or replanting offsets.


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Red, Purple, Brown
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Glossy / Shiny, Crinkled / Twisted
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Purple, Brown, Red
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Linear)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Clasping
Typical Foliar Area Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 ), Macrophyll ( 182.25cm2 - 1640.25 cm2 )
Typical Foliar Size To 60
Typical Foliar Size Unit cm
Typical Foliar Size Remarks Leaf blade is about 2.5 to 5 cm wide and 60 cm long.
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Remarks Foliage is deep reddish-brown.

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Pink
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Stellate / Star-shaped
Inflorescence Type Umbel

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Dehiscent Dry Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Capsule

Image Repository



Master ID 30627
Species ID 4936
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 16 September 2023.