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Adonidia dransfieldii K.M.Wong, Sugau & Y.W.Low

Family Name: Arecaceae (Palmae)
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Palm

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Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Palm (Solitary Palm)
Maximum Height 7 m

Biogeography

Native Distribution Sabah
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a solitary palm, up to 7 m tall.
Trunk Stem is ringed with leaf scars, without vertical-wavy striations across internodes. Crownshaft is pale green to yellow-green.
Foliage Leaves are large (about 150 cm long), pinnate, upright and becoming curved at the tip. There are roughly 45 – 53 leaflets on each side of the leaf, each about 42 – 50 cm long and strongly curved. Rachis is covered in small gray-brown scales, which is smooth to touch. Petiole is 19 cm long where it is channeled on the upper surface and rounded on the lower surface.
Flowers Inflorescence occurs outside the leaves, and branches up to 4 orders. It is 75 – 90 cm long, glabrous, white to pale green colour, and comprises of both male and female flowers. Male flower has 25 – 35 stamens, and mature before the female flowers. Female flower has 2 or 3 stigmas which are recurved at anthesis.
Fruits Fruit is oval shaped (25 – 30 mm long and 14 – 18 mm diameter) and pointed at the base. It mature red with persistant perianth whorls. Fruit is slightly fleshy when fresh and become fibrous when dried. Seed is oval shaped (15 – 17 mm long and 13 – 14 mm diameter) and pointed apically.
Similar Adonidia dransfieldii differ from Adonidia merrillii by having a more slender stem without vertical-wavy striations across the internodes. A. dransfieldii also has fewer stamens (25 – 35) in the male flower compared to A. merrillii which has more stamens (45 – 50).

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate

References

References Wong, K.M., Sugau, J.P. & Low. Y.W. . 2015. Adonidia dransfieldii, a threatened new palm from Sabah, Borneo. . PALMS. 59(1). 5-14

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Master ID 31012
Species ID 5399
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 November 2021.
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