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Dracaena granulata


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular
Maximum Height 18 m


Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tall, much branched tree up to 18 m tall, with white bark.
Foliage Its spirally arranged, unstalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are usually linear with pointed tip, green, and 15–25 by 0.6–1.3 cm.
Flowers Its inflorescence is 30 by 15 cm, with small whitish green flowers, and each 0.6 cm across.
Fruit Its fruits are round, orange, and about 2 cm in diameter.
Habitat It grows in swampy or wet areas of forests. It occurs locally in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are insect-pollinated while its fruits and seeds are probably eaten and dispersed by birds or mammals.
Cultivation It may be suitable for parks. It can be propagated by seed and stem cuttings.
Etymology Greek dracaena, a dragon, referring to the bright red dried red resin, called dragon’s blood, obtained from various species including those of Dracaena; Latin granulata, with grain-like tubercles or knobs, probably referring to the bark of this species.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water, Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Remarks Whitish green

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Orange


Master ID 31037
Species ID 5424
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 05 August 2022.