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Grypothrix triphylla var. triphylla


Grypothrix triphylla (Sw.) S.E.Fawc. & A.R.Sm. var. triphylla

Family Name: Thelypteridaceae
Synonyms: Cyclosorus triphyllus (Sw.) Tardieu var. triphyllus
Common Name: 三叶新月蕨


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Ferns & Lycophytes (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Fern)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Tropical Asia, Japan to Australia.
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Least Concern (LC))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Terrestrial creeping herb, up to 75 cm tall.
Foliage Stipes thin, hairy, up to 50 cm long, well spaced apart. Laminae with 3-5 dark green pinnae (1-2 pairs of lateral pinnae and a larger terminal pinnae), long-oblong, with a rounded base and pointed tip, 11.5-25 cm long by 2-5 cm wide, hairy, thinly papery texture.
Stems Rhizomes long and creeping, brown, hairy and covered with scales.
Reproductive Parts - non-flowering plant Sori crescent-shaped, arranged in a linear fashion along space between veins on the underside of the pinnae.
Habitat Along banks of rivers and understorey of forest habitats.
Etymology The specific epithet triphylla means three-leaved in Latin.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping This fern is suitable for planting in shaded areas of parks and gardens.
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils
Propagation Method Spore, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Papery
Foliar Type Compound (Trifoliate, Odd-Pinnate)
Foliar Margin Entire


References Fawcett, S. & Smith, A.R. (2021). A Generic Classification of the Thelypteridaceae. Texas: BRIT Press.

Image Repository



Master ID 31150
Species ID 5543
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 March 2023.