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Schismatoglottis calyptrata


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular
Maximum Height 0.2 m to 0.6 m


Native Distribution Southern China, throughout Southeast Asia (including Singapore), to the Pacific Islands.
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest, Freshwater Swamp Forest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a stoloniferous herb, 15-60 cm tall.
Foliage Its stalked leaves are arranged in a rosette, and have leaf blades that are cordate to sagittate, occasionally  variegated, 7-35 × 4-18 cm.
Flowers Its male and female flowers are arranged in a stalked inflorescence. The inflorescence (also known as a spadix) is encased within a pale green, modified, boat-shaped spathe (a leaf structure that resembles a petal), 3.5-12 cm long.
Fruit Its fruits are berries.
Habitat It grows in the understrorey of dense tropical forests, often on moist soils.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by insects such as beetles, and fruits are eaten by birds and other mammals.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed or division of the stolons.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for growing in parks and gardens under shaded or semi-shaded conditions for its attractive leaves and elegant inflorescence.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Flowerbed / Border, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant
Thematic Landscaping Silver Garden, Naturalistic Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bird Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water, Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
Propagation Method Seed, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Sagittate, Cordate)
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute, Cuspidate
Foliar Base Cordate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers , Monoecious
Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Inflorescence Type Spathe & Spadix

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Orange
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Glossy / Shiny
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type

Image Repository



Master ID 31305
Species ID 5702
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 February 2022.