Classifications and Characteristics
|Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
|Plant Growth Form
|Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Floating, Submerged)
|Lifespan (in Singapore)
|Mode of Nutrition
|Local Conservation Status
|Non-native (Spontaneous (Casual))
Description and Ethnobotany
|A perennial, aquatic plant, it has both submerged and floating growth forms.It has a prostrate growth form.
|The submerged, fan-shaped leaves are pinnately compound, finely divided and are arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The floating leaves are simple and oval shaped.
|It can be found growing in ponds, lakes and slow-moving streams.
|It is best grown under full sun, in water temperatures of 18 to 26°C and in water pH level of 6 to 7. It is best grown in nutrient-rich substrate. It has a fast growth rate. The stems are slender and easily broken. Do not plant in aquariums with strong pumps as the broken stems may cog up the filters.
|It can be used as a background plant in aquascapes.
|Desirable Plant Features
|Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Form
|Marsh / Bog
|Water Garden, Marsh Garden
|Usage Hazard - Cons
|Invasive / Potentially Invasive
|Usage Hazard - Cons Remarks
|The stems are easily broken.
Plant Care and Propagation
|Lots of Water
|Plant Growth Rate
|Waterlogged Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils
|Mature Foliage Colour(s)
|Foliar Arrangement Along Stem
|Flower & Plant Sexuality
|Yellow / Golden
|The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.