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Callicarpa formosana Rolfe

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Common Name: Beautyberry, 杜虹花
Full Sun Semi-Shade Moderate Water Ornamental Flowers Woody

Name

Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 1 m to 3 m

Biogeography

Native Distribution China, Japan, Philippines, Taiwan
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
Local Conservation Status 1 Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub up to 3 m tall.
Foliage Leaves are ovate (egg-shaped) to elliptical (oval) or oblong-lanceolate (intermediate between elongated with parallel sides to lance-shaped).
Stems Stems are covered in greyish yellow, wooly hairs.
Flowers Small, purple flowers (2.5 mm long) are arranged in an inflorescence known as a cyme (3-4 cm wide). The petals are surrounded by 4 triangular sepals which form a cup-like structure covered in greyish yellow matted hairs. Each flower has 5 stamens which are about twice as long as the petals (5 mm long).
Fruits Purple, berry-like fruits (2 mm wide) are actually drupes (fleshy fruits that contain hard pits with seeds inside).
Etymology The genus Callicarpa is derived from the Greek words 'kalli' meaning beautiful and 'karpos' meaning fruit. Species formosana means from Taiwan.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens, Container Planting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed

Foliar

Mature Foliage Texture(s) Spiny / Bristly / Stinging
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate, Lanceolate, Elliptical, Oblong)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate, Caudate
Foliar Base Cuneate, Rounded / Obtuse
Typical Foliar Area Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Purple
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Inflorescence Type Cyme

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Purple
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Non-Accessory Fruit

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Master ID 31600
Species ID 5999
Species record last updated on: 17 May 2019.
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