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Senna auriculata


Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.

Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Synonyms: Cassia auriculata
Common Name: Tanner's Cassia, Avaram Senna, 耳叶决明


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution India, Western Peninsula, Burma and Ceylon
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Multi-branched shrub, able to grow up to 1 - 1.5 m tall.
Foliage Green leaves, even-pinnate and measuring 8 - 10 cm long, each leaf has 8 - 12 pairs of leaflets and each leaflet measures about 2 - 3 cm long.
Stems Stem is smooth and reddish brown in colour.
Flowers Bright yellow flowers on a short, erect raceme, flower measuring about 4 - 5 cm wide.
Fruit Fruit is a flattened brown pod, measuring about 7 - 11 cm long and contains about 10 - 20 seeds.
Etymology Genus Senna is derived from the Arabic name "sana", which refers to the laxative leaves and pods. Species auriculata refers to the base of the leaves which resembles ear lobes.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal: All parts of plant are used for treatment, especially in Ayurvedic. They are widely used in Indian Folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes, conjunctivitis, rheumatism, constipation and urinary tract disorders.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Compound
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Brown
Fruit Type Dehiscent Dry Fruit , Legume / Pod
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Several (11-20)

Image Repository



Master ID 31727
Species ID 6126
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.