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Alpinia nieuwenhuizii


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant


Native Distribution Endemic to Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Large rhizomatous herb to 3m tall
Foliage Leaflets 15-35cm long by 5-7 cm wide, mid - dark green, glossy on upper surface.  
Flowers Inflorescence branched; flowers 1.5-4cm long (from base of ovary to tip of anther). Base color of lip dull red or light - dark reddish brown with faint white stripes or striations, centre of lip along the mid vein white. 
Habitat Often found near streams; also often growing as a semi-aquatic species  in freshwater swamp forests. 
Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: The essential oil extracted from the rhizomes of this species has been shown to be able to inhibit the growth of  Staphylococcus aureus var. aureus, a disease causing bacteria. (Yusoff MM, Ibrahim H and Hamid NA, 2011)  Reference:  Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of rhizome essential oils of very closely allied Zingiberaceae species endemic to Borneo: Alpinia ligulata K. Schum. and Alpinia nieuwenhuizii Val. in  Chem Biodivers. 8(5) 916-23. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Form
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Riverine, Marsh / Bog
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden, Marsh Garden, Bird & Wildlife Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water, Moderate Water, Occasional Misting
Propagation Method Seed, Storage Organ (Rhizome), Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Brown, Pink, Red, White
Flower Texture(s) Thin
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Image Repository



Master ID 31745
Species ID 6144
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.