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Hydrocotyle verticillata


Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb.

Family Name: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
Synonyms: Hydrocotyle vulgaris (Thunb.) Pers. var. verticillata, Hydrocotyle vulgaris Urb. var. pluriradiata


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Waterside / Marginal)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A herbaceous groundcover, it has a creeping growth habit. 
Foliage The leaves are alternately arranged along the stem. The leaf blade is orbicular-peltate in shape and can grow up to 6cm wide with a crenate margin. The leaf petioles are slender and grow 5 to 20cm in length.  
Stems The stem is slender and has a creeping growth habit. 
Flowers The flowers are borne on an inflorescence up to 12cm long which are arranged in whorls. The flowers are white.
Cultivation It is suitable for use in aquariums as a foreground plant and is best grown under full sun or bright lightning in aquarium conditions. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River, Aquarium / Aquascape
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Lots of Water
Rootzone Tolerance Waterlogged Soils
Propagation Method Stem Cutting (Herbaceous)
Propagation Method Remarks Stem cuttings with at least 2 nodes can be used to propagate the plant. 


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Margin Crenate
Foliar Base Peltate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary

Image Repository



Master ID 31865
Species ID 6266
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 30 May 2023.