Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Hibiscus sabdariffa 'Archer'

Family Name: Malvaceae
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Fruit & Vegetable Annual


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Annual
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 2 m

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Annual herb up to 2 m tall.
Foliage Simple leaves are deeply divided into 3 elongated to lanceolate lobes. The leaf margin is lined with minute teeth.
Flowers Cream to pale yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers (6-7 cm wide) have a dark red centre.
Fruits Dry, dehiscent fruits are known as capsules. They are 1.5 cm wide and ovoid-globose (intermediate between egg-shaped and round). The capsules are surrounded by a bright red, fleshy calyx which resembles a rosebud.
Ethnobotanical Uses Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The fleshy calyx (outermost layer of the flower) can be eaten raw as a vegetable. The calyces can also be dried and used to make herbal tea.)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Palmate
Foliar Margin Serrulate
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Red, Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Solitary
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Trumpet-shaped

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Dehiscent Dry Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Capsule

Image Repository



Master ID 32001
Species ID 6403
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.