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Philodendron hederaceum


Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott

Family Name: Araceae
Common Name: Heart Leaf Philodendron


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Central America and the Caribbean
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Spontaneous (Casual))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form An evergreen hemi-epiphytic vine, usually found growing on trees or rocks, can reach to a length of about 3 - 6 m. 
Foliage Heart-shaped leaves, measuring about 10 - 20 cm by 8 - 15 cm, leaf stalk measuring about 4 - 7 cm long, pointed tips. Juvenile plants have leaves blades that are velvety and red on the underside. The character is lost after the plant matures.
Flowers Yellowish-green spathes of white flowers (spadix) occasionally blooming, spathes measuring about 5 - 6 cm, spadix cylindrical in shape and pistillate part measuring about 4 - 5 m long. Flowers are sterile and do not set seed.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Easy to Grow
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant
Usage Hazard - Cons Toxic Upon Ingestion, Irritant - Sap

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Stem Cutting (Herbaceous)


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Image Repository



Master ID 32141
Species ID 6547
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 04 August 2022.