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Viscum ovalifolium


Viscum ovalifolium Wall. ex DC.

Family Name: Santalaceae
Common Name: Oval leaf mistletoe


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Heterotrophic


Native Distribution China, Hong Kong, Australia, Southeast Asia, including Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A hyper-parasitic shrub, usually measuring about 25 - 50 cm in length.
Foliage Opposite green leaves, elliptic to obovate, leathery, measuring about 2 - 6.5 by 1.5 - 3 cm, leaf stalk measuring about 2 - 4 mm.
Flowers Axillary inflorescence, usually 3-flowered, monoecious, female flower at the centre and male flowers in lateral positions. Female flowers measuring about 1.5  - 2 mm, male flowers measuring about 2 - 3 mm.
Fruits Yellow to orange berries, globular and measuring about 3 - 5 mm wide.
Associated Flora It has been observed growing on Excoecaria agallocha and Pemphis acidula in Singapore.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Little Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Apex - Tip Obtuse
Foliar Base Attenuate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Unisexual Flowers
Flower & Plant Sexuality 2 Monoecious
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Non-Accessory Fruit
Mature Seed Colour(s) Green



Yang et al. 2013.  The current status of mangrove forests in Singapore. Proceedings of Nature Society, Singapore's conference on 'Nature Conservation for a Sustainable Singapore' - 16th October 2011. pp 99 - 120.

Image Repository



Master ID 32148
Species ID 6554
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 05 August 2022.