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Adenia cordifolia


Adenia cordifolia (Blume) Engl.

Family Name: Passifloraceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana
Maximum Height 20 m

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Woody climber up to 20 m long.
Foliage Round to heart-shaped leaves (9 cm long, 7.5 cm wide) have 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade. The tendrils are 5-7 cm long.
Fruits Bright red fruits break into 3 parts at dehiscence. Rough, disk-shaped seeds are surrounded by fleshy tissue known as arils.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal ( According to Indonesian folk medicine, the stem sap can be used to treat eye inflammation.)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Orbicular / Round, Cordate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire - Wavy / Undulate

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Dehiscent Dry Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Capsule
Mature Seed Texture(s) Rough

Image Repository



Master ID 32263
Species ID 6671
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 September 2021.