Adenia cordifolia (Blume) Engl.

Family Name: Passifloraceae
Semi-Shade Moderate Water Climber, Vine and Liana


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana
Maximum Height 20 m

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Woody climber up to 20 m long.
Foliage Round to heart-shaped leaves (9 cm long, 7.5 cm wide) have 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade. The tendrils are 5-7 cm long.
Fruits Bright red fruits break into 3 parts at dehiscence. Rough, disk-shaped seeds are surrounded by fleshy tissue known as arils.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal ( According to Indonesian folk medicine, the stem sap can be used to treat eye inflammation.)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Orbicular / Round, Cordate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire - Wavy / Undulate

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Dehiscent Dry Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Capsule
Mature Seed Texture(s) Rough

Image Repository



Master ID 32263
Species ID 6671
Species record last updated on: 17 May 2019.