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Dracaena umbratica Ridl.

Family Name: Asparagaceae
Semi Shade Moderate Water Bird-Attracting Plant Native to Singapore Ornamental Flowers Ornamental Leaves Shrub


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a short, little branched shrub, 0.6–1 m tall.
Foliage Its spirally arranged, stalked, leaves have leathery leaf blades that are usually oval-lance-shaped, ending abruptly in a pointed tip, with a narrowed base, green above, lighter green below, and 15 by 8 cm.
Flowers Its small, white flowers are 2.5 cm long, and occur in loose clusters of 5 on a little to unbranched inflorescence.
Fruits Its fruits are round to 3-lobed, orange-red, and about 1–1.5 cm in diameter.
Habitat It grows in lowland forests, often in wet areas.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed and stem cuttings.
Etymology Greek dracaena, a dragon, referring to the bright red dried red resin, called dragon’s blood, obtained from various species including those of Dracaena; Latin umbratica, belonging to the shade or shade-loving, referring to the shade preference of this species

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bird Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water

Image Repository



Master ID 32344
Species ID 6754
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 05 August 2022.