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Ailanthus integrifolia Lam. ex Steud

Family Name: Simaroubaceae
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Native to Singapore Roadside Tree / Palm Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
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Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Maximum Height 60 m


Native Distribution Northeast India to Southeast Asia, Hainan, China, and Solomon Islands
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree up to 60 m tall.
Foliage Its spirally arranged, stalked, pinnate leaves are 30–200 cm long, with 2–9 pairs of leaflets. The stalked leaflets have leathery to papery leaf blades that are sickle-shaped, 10–40 by 4–15 cm, and with a few black orbicular to oblong glands.
Flowers The plant produces male and female flowers on different individuals. Its branched, flowering shoot is up to 40 cm or longer, and found in the leaf axils.
Fruits Its dry, indehiscent, winged fruits are prominently reticulate or striate, 11–22 by 2.5–5 cm, and with tapering tips.
Habitat It grows in both primary and secondary forests up to 900 m altitude.
Etymology Latin Ailanthus, from the Amboinese vernacular name, aylanto, for the tree-of-heaven; Latin integer, entire; Latin folia, leaves, referring to the entire margin of the leaf blades.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Papery, Leathery

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Brown

Image Repository



Master ID 32402
Species ID 6813
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 November 2021.