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Ficus deltoidea (Golden Form)


Ficus deltoidea (Golden Form)

Family Name: Moraceae
Common Name: Golden Mistletoe Fig


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is an evergreen, small shrub that grows up to 3 m tall.
Foliage Leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, stalked leaves have thick leathery leaf blades that are mostly obovate, and 1–25 by 0.5–14 cm. The leaf blades have lateral venation that curves and joins near the leaf margins.
Flowers It is a dioecious species, with male and female flowers borne on separate plants. Its flowers are enclosed within a specialised structure known as the syconium (fig).
Fruits Its syconia (figs) are round to oblong, 4–15 mm wide, and ripen from yellow to orange, or red to dark purple.
Etymology The genus name "Ficus" is Latin for fig or fig tree. The specific epithet "deltoidea" refers to how the leaf shape often resembles the Greek letter delta. The common name "Golden Mistletoe Fig" is a reference to the plant's epiphytic growth habit on trees which is similar to mistletoe plants and leaves are in golden form.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It has small attractive leaves that are golden. Its leaves are also considered as a symbol for good luck and are hence more readily available in nurseries to be sold as an auspicious plant of the Chinese. It is suitable as an outdoor border plant, or potted plant for semi-shaded areas indoors.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Easy to Grow
Landscape Uses General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Golden Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Little Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Transplanting Tolerance Unknown / Unselect
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery, Thick
Foliar Modification Stipule
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Rounded
Foliar Base Acute

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Unisexual Flowers
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Inflorescence Type Syconium

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 33089
Species ID 7503
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 22 February 2022.