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Nymphaea tetragona


Nymphaea tetragona Georgi

Family Name: Nymphaeaceae
Common Name: Pygmy Waterlily, Finnish Water-lily


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Aquatic & Hydrophyte
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 0.5 m to 2 m

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Perennial aquatic herb which is rooted in the ground.
Roots The roots are firmly anchored to the substrate below.
Foliage Light green, 7-12 cm long leaves are oval to oblong with a long notch extending from the margin to the petiole located on the underside of the blade centre. The pinkish petiole is long, thin and flattened.
Stems The rhizome (underground horizontal stem) produces leaves and flowers.
Flowers White, bowl-shaped flowers are composed of many white, obovate petals arranged in a starburst pattern with numerous, light yellow anthers in the centre. The receptacle or base of the flower below the ovary is 4-sided.
Habitat It naturally occurs in forest ponds and lakes with soft bottoms, as well as slow-moving rivers at elevations up to 4000 m.
Cultivation This fast growing species can quickly cover large areas.
Etymology The genus Nymphaea is derived from Greek and Latin words that mean water lily.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Stems)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable : In Vietnam, the rhizome (underground horizontal stem) and petiole (leaf-stalk) are consumed as a vegetable.)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Pond / Lake / River, Aquarium / Aquascape
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Lots of Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green - Light Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Palmate
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Rounded

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Solitary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Bowl-shaped
Flower Size - Width 2.5 cm

Image Repository



Master ID 33639
Species ID 8053
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 26 August 2021.