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Fenestraria rhopalophylla


Fenestraria rhopalophylla N.E. Br.

Family Name: Aizoaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Succulent Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Namibia, South Africa
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Desert / Arid
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Foliage The cylindrical leaves are arranged in a rosette. The tip of the leaf is flattened and translucent, allowing light to penetrate. In nature, the leaves are mostly belowground with only the tips aboveground. 
Flowers Large, yellow flowers resemble daisy flowers. They occur singly on a thick stalk that positions them about 5-10 cm above the leaves.
Cultivation It should be planted in very well-drained soil, such as sandy soil or a 1:1 mix of potting soil and pumice/ perlite. Overwatering will lead to root rot and leaf splitting. In Singapore, this plant is best grown indoors in bright, indirect light, because our hot, humid climate is very different from its native climate of seasonal rain and generally arid conditions.
Etymology The genus Fenestraria comes from the Latin word for window ('fenestra'), referring to the translucent leaf tips.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Form

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Little Water
Rootzone Tolerance Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Thick
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green
Young Flush Texture(s) Smooth, Thick
Foliar Modification Storage Organ
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Truncate
Foliar Base Truncate / Square

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Solitary
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Funnelform / Funnel-shaped

Image Repository



Master ID 33674
Species ID 8088
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 26 August 2021.