Jurong Lake Gardens is Singapore’s new national gardens in the heartlands. It is a people’s garden, where spaces will be landscaped and created for families and the community to come together.
The 90-hectare Gardens comprises Lakeside Garden (Jurong Lake Gardens West/former Jurong Lake Park), Chinese and Japanese Gardens (Jurong Lake Gardens Central) and Garden Promenade (Jurong Lake Gardens East).
Jurong Lake Gardens is located within the larger Jurong Lake District, which is shaping up as a vibrant commercial district. Jurong Lake District will have two precincts:
• Jurong Gateway
Jurong Lake Gardens contributes to the identity of Jurong Lake District, which is envisioned as a district of gardens and water. The green spaces and waterways will extend from the Gardens into the district. It will eventually comprise 100 hectares of green spaces, 70 hectares of water bodies and 17 km of waterfront areas for social and community activities, as well as spaces for recreation, retail and F&B outlets.
For more information, please visit jld.gov.sg.
Zero Energy Buildings
In 2018, Building and Construction Authority (BCA) launched the new Green Mark scheme for Super Low Energy (SLE) and Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB). Jurong Lake Gardens aspires to be a showcase of sustainability. The Gardens took up the challenge of operating its main buildings with zero energy. A Waste-to-Energy (WTE) system will be implemented to convert the Gardens’ horticultural waste into electricity to power these buildings. Apart from electricity, horticultural waste will be converted into biochar for use in the Gardens. Thermal energy generated in the process can also be used to power water heaters.
To promote climate resilience, water-sensitive urban designs have been incorporated in the Gardens. Being located around the lake, Jurong Lake Gardens has many features such as swales and bioretention basins to cleanse the water runoff from the rain. Rainwater is then collected in the inland ponds and harvested to water the plants within the Gardens. The water is also circulated through phytoremediation ponds and biotopes which consist of a series of cleansing cells containing sand beds that filter out particulate matter, helping to clean the water over time. The water in Clusia Cove has a closed loop water circulation system that links the cleansing biotope, water playground and eco-pond, ensuring water is constantly recycled, yet clean. These water systems help to maintain the water quality and prevent algal blooms.
Autonomous vehicle on trial at Lakeside Garden
The National Parks Board (NParks), in collaboration with ST Engineering Land Systems and Willers, will be deploying an 11-seater autonomous vehicle (AV) as part of a people mover system trial at Lakeside Garden, the western section of Jurong Lake Gardens. The trial is to test the efficacy and sustainability of running a people mover system in the Gardens to enhance accessibility. The trial begins 3 December 2020 and will run for two years. This is the first time that an AV is being tested in a public garden in the heartlands of Singapore.
Due to the length and size of Jurong Lake Gardens, a people mover system would be able to enhance visitor experience at the Gardens and increase accessibility for elderly visitors and families with young children.
An 11-seater AV will be on trial at the Lakeside Garden. Photo credit: National Parks Board
A core facet of Jurong Lake Gardens is the utilisation of smart technology to enable sustainable operations in the Gardens. In this aspect, the Gardens serves as a testbed for green innovation that seeks to reduce environmental impact. This includes identifying the infrastructural costs of operating the vehicle, and solutions to running the vehicle with optimised efficiency and safety. This will be critical for the implementation of a full-scale people mover system that links Lakeside Garden to the Chinese and Japanese Gardens when Jurong Lake Gardens is complete.
The AV will ply a 1.2 km route shuttling between the Entrance Pavilion and Grasslands – near the North and South Carpark respectively. It will operate from 10am to 4pm on weekdays and visitors currently can ride for free. NParks will review the usage during the trial period and fares may be applied later.
The AV will ply a 1.2km route between two shuttle stops, Entrance Pavillion and Grasslands. Photo credit: National Parks Board
While the route is fixed for the first year of the trial, the second year will test real-time demand-driven shuttle services, including the use of analytics to determine the shortest route and optimal frequency. The findings will be used in planning optimal routes that link the whole of Jurong Lake Gardens.
Integrated Management System
An Integrated Management System (IMS) will be implemented at Jurong Lake Gardens. IMS will aid in the monitoring and control of multiple systems in an automated and centralised manner. This is commonly used for buildings, where it is known as a Building Management System (BMS). This is the first time such a system is implemented in a park or garden. There are plans to eventually implement this across the Jurong Lake District and in various parks throughout Singapore.
Mass Engineered Timber
The Gardens will showcase a new method of construction using Mass Engineered Timber (MET), which is more sustainable and productive. MET comprises engineered wood products with improved structural integrity. The building components are prefabricated off-site and assembled on-site, thus reducing construction time and improving productivity. Its high strength-to- weight ratio makes it easier to handle than steel and concrete, allowing it to be installed more easily in a shorter amount of time. MET buildings can be built four times faster than a concrete building, with less noise, cranage and waste. MET can also help save on material use as it can be left exposed without the need for finishing material to be applied over it. The Multi-Purpose Hall will be built in GLULAM (a type of MET) which has the unique capability to span large distances without the need for supporting columns.