When our History and Natural Heritage intersect

In 2019, Singapore celebrates 200 years of the intersection between our history and our natural heritage – entrenched in our nature ways and nature reserves, our parks and park connectors, as well as our flora and fauna.

The idea for a national garden was planted in 1822 when Sir Stamford Raffles, the founder of modern Singapore, developed the first Botanical and Experimental Garden at Fort Canning. In 1859, the Singapore Botanic Gardens was established at the Tanglin site and in the 160 years past, it has flourished from a pleasure garden for the colonial community to a place cherished by all Singaporeans, a botanical institution known internationally.

Singapore’s greening journey took root in the 1960s when founding Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew planted a Mempat Tree at Farrer Circus. This kickstarted a national effort for tree planting, sowing the seed of a green home where beautiful parks and green belts would be the birthright of every Singaporean.

Today, the intricate lattice of greenery we have woven into the cityscape supports thriving biodiversity and provides residents with a quality living environment. This not only draws the appreciation and marvel of visitors, but has become a part of our national identity. This is the green culture we now impart to the next generation as we continue living harmoniously with nature.