Tropical Plants in Focus – Botanical Illustration at the Singapore Botanic Gardens

Tropical Plants in Focus – Botanical Illustration at the Singapore Botanic Gardens

By Michele Rodda
Hidden Havens – Exploring Marine Life in Singapore’s Marinas

Hidden Havens – Exploring Marine Life in Singapore’s Marinas
By Chou Lok Ming, Lionel Ng, Toh Kok Ben, Cheo Pei Rong, Ng Juat Ying and Karenne Tun
Published in collaboration with NUS.

A Review of Garden Bird Watch (2015–2019)

A Review of Garden Bird Watch (2015–2019)

By Low Bing Wen, Joy Wong Shu Yee, Linda Goh and Kenneth Er
A Guide to the Bees of Singapore

A Guide to the Bees of Singapore

By Zestin W.W. Soh and John S. Ascher
Published in collaboration with NUS.
1001 Garden Plants in Singapore – A New Compendium

1001 Garden Plants in Singapore – A New Compendium

By Soh Weijing, Tamako Kobayashi, Dr Jennie Tang, Jessica Teo, Pauline Tay and Low Wei Teng
A Guide to the Sculptures of the Singapore Botanic Gardens

A Guide to the Sculptures of the Singapore Botanic Gardens
By Grace Lee, Ada Davis, Tan Miao Yuan and Tan Wan Xin

Celebrating Our City in Nature – Singapore Garden Photographer of the Year

Celebrating Our City in Nature – Singapore Garden Photographer of the Year

Edited by Wong Tuan Wah, Linda Goh, Ada Davis and Victoria Cheong
Singapore Garden Photographer of the Year

Singapore Garden Photographer of the Year

Singapore Garden Photographer of the Year won the Grand Award in the 2016 APEX Awards for Publication Excellence under the category of One-of-a-Kind Publication (Green)
Rainforest in a City

Rainforest in a City

By Chua Ee Kiam
Rainforest in a City won the Bronze medal in the 2015 Independent Publisher Book Awards under the category of Environment/Ecology/ Nature, and the Silver award in the 2015 Nautilus Book Awards under the category of Ecology/ Environment.
Footprints on an Island – Rediscovering Pulau Ubin

Footprints on an Island – Rediscovering Pulau Ubin

By Chua Ee Kiam, Choo Mui Eng and Wong Tuan Wah
Footprints on an Island – Rediscovering Pulau Ubin won the Nautilus 2016 Silver Award in the Multicultural & Indigenous category, and was recognised in the One-of-a-Kind Publication (Green) category at the 30th Annual APEX Awards for Publication Excellence competition.
Gingers of Cambodia, Laos & Vietnam

Gingers of Cambodia, Laos & Vietnam
By Jana Leong-Škorničková and Mark Newman

A Walk Through History – A Guide to the Singapore Botanic Gardens

A Walk Through History – A Guide to the Singapore Botanic Gardens
By Nigel Taylor and Ada Davis

Migratory Birds of Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Migratory Birds of Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

By James Gan, Mendi
My Green Space: Indoor Gardening

My Green Space: Indoor Gardening
By Lily Chen, Ng Shan Jun, Ang Wee Foong, et al.

A Guide to the Common Epiphytes and Mistletoes of Singapore

A Guide to the Common Epiphytes and Mistletoes of Singapore
By Jean W.H. Yong, James Wang Wei, Joanne Y.T. Khew, Sheue Chiou Rong and Wong Wei San

Native Orchids of Singapore – Diversity, Identification and Conservation

Native Orchids of Singapore – Diversity, Identification and Conservation

By Yam Tim Wing
Dragonflies of Our Parks and Gardens

Dragonflies of Our Parks and Gardens
By Robin Ngiam

Trees of Our Garden City

Trees of Our Garden City

Edited by Tee Swee Ping
Caterpillars of Singapore’s Butterflies

Caterpillars of Singapore’s Butterflies

By Horace Tan and Khew Sin Khoon
Birds of Our Wetlands – A Journey Through Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Birds of Our Wetlands – A Journey Through Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve
Edited by Wong Tuan Wah, Victoria Cheong, Ada Davis, How Choon Beng, David Li, Low Bing Wen, Florence Sim and Yang Shufen

The Nature of Poetry

The Nature of Poetry

Edited by Edwin Thumboo and Eric Tinsay Valles
Flora of Singapore, Volume 1 (Introduction), Volume 7 (Poales), Volume 13 (Gentianales)

Flora of Singapore, Volume 1 (Introduction), Volume 7 (Poales), Volume 13 (Gentianales)

Edited by David Middleton, Stuart Lindsay and Jana Leong-Škorničková
The Hunt for the Green Boomerang, Secrets of the Swamp

The Hunt for the Green Boomerang, Secrets of the Swamp

By Neil Humphreys and illustrated by Cheng Puay Koon
Secrets of the Swamp won the Best Book award for 6-8 year olds in the 2014 Harper’s Bazaar Junior Toy Awards.
A Present for Ginger, My Dog is Not from a Pet Shop, Journey to the Animal Classroom

A Present for Ginger, My Dog is Not from a Pet Shop, Journey to the Animal Classroom

By Jill Lim and illustrated by Patrick Yee


The Gardens Bulletin, June 2020 & Dec 2020

The Gardens Bulletin,
May 2021 & Dec 2021


Gardenwise, Aug 2020 & Feb 2021

Aug 2021 & Feb 2022

CITYGREEN, Issue 18 Fort Canning Park


The CUGE publication CITYGREEN won APEX Awards for Publication Excellence for 10 consecutive years (2012–2021).

Staff Publications

April 2021 – March 2022

Books and Reports

Chan, L., Hillel, O., Werner, P., Holman, N., Coetzee, I., Galt, R. & Elmqvist, T. (2021). Handbook on the Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity (also known as the City Biodiversity Index) , CBD Technical Series No. 98. Montreal: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity; and Singapore: National Parks Board.

Portner, H.O. et al. [62 authors including Chan, L.] (2021). IPBES-IPCC co-sponsored workshop report on biodiversity and climate change. IPBES and IPCC:

Books Chapters

Anderson, P.M.L., Potgieter, L.J., Chan, L., Cilliers, S.S. & Nagendran, H. (2021). Urban Plant Diversity: Understanding Informing Processes and Emerging Trends. In: Shackleton, C.M. et al. (eds) Urban Ecology in the Global South, Cities and Nature, pp. 145–168. Switzerland: Springer.

Leitgeb, E., Kleine, M., Ibrahim, H., Mohamed, M.F., Lin, D.C.P., Yusof, M.L., Michel, K. & Ghosh, S. (2021). Soil organic carbon stocks in forests of Singapore. In: Recarbonizing global soils: a technical manual of recommended management practices. Volume 6: Forestry, Wetlands, Urban Soils – Case-studies, pp. 45–53.Rome: FAO.

Philip, V., George, E.R., Ghosh, S., & Yap, M.L. (2021). Nutrient sufficiency range of soils and plants in Singapore. In: Rakshit, A. et al (eds) Soil Science: Fundamentals to Recent Advances, pp. 669–681. Singapore: Springer.

Yong, E. et al. [69 collaborators including Tun, K.] (2021). Chapter 7. Status and trends of coral reefs of the East Asian Seas region. In: Souter, D., Planes, S., Wicquart, J., Logan, M., Obura, D. & Staub, F. (eds.) Status of coral reefs of the world: 2020, pp. 1–12.

Conservation Assessments

Choo, L.M. (2021). Sindora spp. [conservation assessments for 3 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [S. echinocalyx] e.T169257616A169257676; [S. siamensis] e.T33242A2835471; [S. wallichii] e.T62027980A62027992.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Bouea oppositifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T181759052A184586914.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Buchanania spp. [conservation assessments for 2 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [B. arborescens] e.T61983514A61983516; [B. sessifolia] e.T181861404A184586919.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Campnosperma spp. [conservation assessments for 2 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [C. auriculatum] e.T61983599A61983601; [C. squamatum] e.T61983653A61983655.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Dracontomelon dao. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983677A61983680.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Gluta wallichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983828A61983831.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Mangifera spp. [conservation assessments for 5 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [M. caesia] e.T31403A184586784; [M. foetida] e.T31392A67735676; [M. indica] e.T31389A67735735; [M. lagenifera] e.T32124A184586841; [M. subsessilifolia] e.T32999A184586880.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Melanochyla spp. [conservation assessments for 4 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [M. angustifolia] e.T194362008A194362027; [M. auriculata] e.T194361991A194362022; [M. bracteata] e.T194361987A194362017; [M. caesia] e.T194361980A194362012.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Parishia spp. [conservation assessments for 3 species]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: [P. insignis] e.T61984071A61984073; [P. maingayi] e.T182094223A184586934; [P. paucijuga] e.T182094093A184586929.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Semecarpus heterophyllus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361953A194361965.

Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Swintonia schwenckii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61984296A61984302.

Ganesan, S.K. & Barstow, M. (2021). Gluta malayana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182091770A184586924.

Journal Articles

Ahmad, R.P.P, Zulfadli, Rahayu, S. & Rodda, M. (2021). Two new species of Hoya (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Phytotaxa 502: 79–85.

Ardi, W.H., Girmansyah, D., Zulfadli & Thomas, D.C. (2021). Begonia willemii (Begoniaceae), a new species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Taiwania 66(3): 374–377.

Arshed, M.J, Callado, R.J., Tandang, D., Agoo, E.M. & Rodda, M. (2021). The taxonomy of Dischidia ruscifolia (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), and the description of a new species, Dischidia argentii. Taiwania 66(4): 496–503.

Arshed, M.J., Tandang, D., Amoroso, V., Agoo, E.M. & Rodda, M. (2021). A new species of Dischidia (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) from Mindanao Philippines, and rediscovery and lectotypifiction of Dischidia elmeri. Nordic Journal of Botany , 39(7): njb.02840.

Ascher, J.S., Soh, Z.W.W., Chui, S.X., Soh, E.J.Y., Ho, B.M., Lee, J.X.Q., & Ong, X.R. (2022). The bees of Singapore (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila): first comprehensive country checklist and conservation for a Southeast Asian bee fauna. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 70: 39–64.

Bates, A.E. et al. [347 authors including Soh, M.C.K., B.X.K., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Loo, A.H.B. & Er, K.B.H.] (2021). Global COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment. Biological Conservation 263: j.biocon.2021.10.

Biswal, B.K., Vijayaraghavan, K., Adam, M.G., Lee, T-T. D, Davis, A.P. & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Biological nitrogen removal from stormwater in bioretention cells: a critical review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology: 0/07388551.2021.1969888.

Bitencourt, C., Nürk, N.M., Rapini, A., Fishbein, M., Simões, A.O., Middleton, D.J., Meve, U., Endress, M. & Liede-Schumann, S. (2021). Evolution of dispersal, habit, and pollination in Africa pushed Apocynaceae diversification after the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Frontiers of Ecology and Evolution 9: fevo.2021.719741.

Cai, Z.Y., Zhou, X.X., Wong, K.M. & Xia, N.H. (2021). Gelidocalamus fengkaiensis (Poaceae: Bambusoideae), a new bamboo species from Guangdong, China, with an analysis of branch development in relation to flowering. Botanical Studies 62(article 12): 021-00319-4.

Cheek, M.D., Boon, R.G.C., Wong, K.M. & Hadebea, M. (2021). Assessment of the degree of establishment of five introduced Melastomataceae taxa in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 142: 502–508.

Chen, C.-W., Lindsay, S., Middleton, D.J., Cicuzza, D. & Schuettpelz, E. (2021). New combinations and typifications in Haplopteris (Pteridaceae: Vittarioideae). Kew Bulletin 76: 322–326.

Chen, J., Ng, X.Y., Lim, R.C.J., Lua, H.K. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 28: Taxonomic and nomenclatural clarification of Kadsura species (Schisandraceae) in Singapore. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(2): 293–306.

Chen, L.M.J., Ong, K.H., Lua, H.K., Yeo, R.S.W., Chua, K.S., Tan, B.H., Choo, L.M., Koh, S.L. & Ho, B.C. (2021). Additions to the Flora of Singapore: New and overlooked records of casual and naturalised plant species (5). Nature in Singapore 14: e2021090.

Chen, L.M.J., Yong, C.H.C., Lua, H.K. & Ho, B.C. (2021). Rediscovery of the ‘Woolly Frogsmouth’, Philydrum lanuginosum Banks ex Gaertn. (Philydraceae), in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021040.

Chong, K.Y. et al. [17 authors including Lee, B.P.Y.-H.] (2021). Are terrestrial biological invasions different in the tropics? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 52: 291–314.

Chong, K.Y., Hung, S., Koh, C.Y., Lim, C.J., Loh, J.W. , Neo, L., Seah, W.W., Tan, S.Y. & Tan, H.T.W. (2021). Waterlogging and soil but not seedling competition structure tree communities in a catchment containing a tropical freshwater swamp forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 32: e13072.

Chong, S.M., Douay, G., Heng, Y., Chng, Y.R., Tay, Y.H. & Wong, W.K. (2022). Fatal Chryseobacterium indologenes infection in a captive red-shanked Douc langur (Pygathrix nemaeus). Journal of Medical Primatology : doi. org/10.1111/jmp.12582.

Choo, L.M. (2021). Biancaea scabrida, a new species of the Caesalpinia group (Fabaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Phytotaxa 525(4): 251–257.

Choo, L.M., Loo, A.H.B., Ang, W.F. & Er, K.B.H. (2022). A natural hybrid of Sindora (Fabaceae, Deltarioideae) from Singapore. PhytoKeys 190: 87–102.

Choo, L.M., Loo, A.H.B., Yeoh, Y.S., Ng, X.Y., Ang, W.F. & Er, K.B.H. (2021). Phaenera ferruginea var. griffithiana (Fabaceae, Cercidoideae): resolving the status of a lesserknown climbing legume in Singapore. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(2): 253–266.

Choo, L.M., Ng, X.Y. & Lua, H.K. (2022). Rediscovery and lectotypification of a native vine, Plukenetia corniculata Sm. (Euphorbiaceae) in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 15: e2022001.

Cvetkovic, T., Areces-Berazain, F., Hinsinger, D.D., Thomas, D.C., Wieringa, J.J., Ganesan, S.K. & Strijk, J.S. (2021). Phylogenomics resolves deep subfamilial relationships in Malvaceae s.l. G3 Genes, Genomes, Genetics 11(7): jkab126.

Cvetkovic, T., Hinsinger, D.D., Thomas, D.C., Wieringa, J.J., Velautham, E. & Strijk, J.S. (2022). Phylogenomics and a revised classification of subfamily Dipterocarpoideae (Dipterocarpaceae). Taxon 71(1): 85–102.

Dai, Q.Q., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.-H., Yucel, A.C., Ow, G. & Yusof, M.L.M. (2021). A Deep Learning Scheme for Rapidly Reconstructing 3D Permittivity Maps from GPR C-scans. In: 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI) , pp. 1679–1680. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Davranoglou, L-R., Matsumoto, K., Soh, Z.W.W. & Kempton, J. (2021). New records and ecological observations on Greek cave crickets (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae). Journal of Natural History 55(1-2): 1–13.

de Mesquita Souza Saraiva, M., Lim, K., do Monte, D.F.M., Givisiez, P.E.M., Alves, L.B.R., de Freitas Neto, O.C., Kariuki, S., Junior, A.B., de Oliveira, C.J.B. & Gebreyes, W.A. (2021). Antimicrobial resistance in the globalized food chain: a One Health perspective applied to the poultry industry. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 53: 465–486.

Deshmukh, U.B, Majumdar, S. & Ho, B.-C. (2022). Daltonia hookeriana, a new name for Daltonia heterophylla (Wilson ex Mitt.) B.C.Ho & L.Pokorny (Daltoniaceae, Bryophyta). Phytotaxa 538: 84–86.

Fung, T.K., Richards, D.R., Leong, R.A.T., Ghosh, S. , Tan, C.W.J., Drillet, Z., Leong, K.L. & Edwards, P.J. (2021). Litter decomposition and infiltration capacities in soils of different tropical urban land covers. Urban Ecosystems 25: 21–34.

Gardner, E.M. (2021). Colonial botany and the shifting identity of Balanostreblus ilicifolius Kurz (Moraceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1): 221–235.

Gardner, E.M., Arifiani, D. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Artocarpus bergii (Moraceae): a new species in the breadfruit from the Moluccas. Systematic Botany 46(1): 91–95.

Gardner, E.M., Audi, L., Zhang, Q., Sauquet, H., Monro, A. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Phylogenomics of Brosimum Sw. (Moraceae) and allied genera, including a revised subgeneric system. Taxon 70(4): 778–792.

Gardner, E.M., Garner, M., Cowan, R., Dodsworth, S., Epitawalage, N., Arifiani, D., Sahromi, S., Baker, W.J., Forest, F., Maurin, O., Zerega, N.J.C., Monro, A. & Hipp, A.L. (2021). Repeated parallel losses of inflexed stamens in Moraceae: phylogenomics and generic revision of the tribe Moreae and the reinstatement of the tribe Olmedieae (Moraceae). Taxon 70(5): 946–988.

Gardner, E.M., Johnson, M.G., Pereira, J.T., Puad, A.S.A., Wickett, N.J. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Paralogs and off-target sequences improve phylogenetic resolution in a densely sampled study of the breadfruit genus (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Systematic Biology 70(3): 558–575.

Gardner, E.M. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Taxonomic updates to Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (Moraceae) with a particular focus on the species native to Singapore. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(2): 309–374.

Gobeawan, L., Lin, S.E., Liu, X., Wong, S.T., Lim, C.W., Gaw, Y.-F. L., Wong, N.H., Tan, P.Y., Tan, C.L. & He, Y. (2021). IFC-centric vegetation modelling for bim. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences VIII-4/W2-2021: 91–98.

Hamdany, A.H., Shen, Y., Satyanaga, A., Rahardjo, H., Lee, T-T.D. & Nong, X. (2022). Field instrumentation for real-time measurement of soil-water characteristic curve. International Soil and Water Conservation Research : doi. org/10.1016/j.iswcr.2022.01.007.

Ho, B.C. & Sukkharak, P. (2021). Thysananthus ciliaris (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta), a rare species new to Singapore from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73: 237–244.

Ho, B.C., Yeo, R.S.W. & Chen, L.M.J. (2021). A review of Desmodium s.l. (Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoideae) in Singapore and nomenclature updates in the Malay Peninsula. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(1): 49–80.

Ho, X.Y., Katemeran, N.P., Deignan, L.K., Phyo, M.N., Ong, J.F.M., Goh, J., X., Ng, J.Y., Tun, K. & Tan, L.T. (2021). Assessing the diversity and biomedical potential of microbes associated with the Neptune's Cup Sponge, Cliona patera. Frontiers in Microbiology: fmicb.2021.631445.

Hroneš, M., Leong-Škorničková, J., Niissalo, M.A. & Dančák, M. (2021). Hanguana deflexa (Hanguanaceae), a new species from Sarawak, Borneo. Phytokeys 181: 9–19.

Jamil, Z. (2021). New Palms for Singapore's Landscapes. Palms 65(4): 193–201.

Khoo, M.D.Y., Lim, B.T.M., Soh, M.C.K., Loy, R.H.Y. , Lua H.K., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Loo, A.H.B. & Er, K.B.H. (2021). Persistence of a locally endangered mouse-deer amidst the reemergence of two larger ungulates in small rainforest fragments. Global Ecology and Conservation 30: e01807.

Khoo, M.D.Y., Soh, M.C.K. & Lee, B.P.Y.-H. (2021). Raffles’ banded langur at Dairy Farm Nature Park. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021059.

Kong, E., Khoo, M., Wong, J.W., Wong, S. & Low, B.W. (2021). Observations on the behaviour and diet of the Harlequin Taxila haquinus haquinus Fabricius 1793 (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) in Singapore. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 31: 22–31.

Kotze, J., Ghosh, S., Hui, N., Jumpponen, A., Lee, Y-.H.B., Lu, C., Lum, S., Pouyat, R., Szlavecz, K., Wardle, D., Yesilonis, I., Zheng, B. & Setälä, H. (2021). Urbanisation minimises the effects of plant traits on soil provisioned ecosystem services across climatic regions. Global Change Biology 27: 4139–4153.

Kurzweil, H., Watthana, S. & Ormerod, P. (2021). Enumeration of Orchidaceae Juss. Makinoa New Series (Supplement Issue, Taxonomic Enumeration of Natma Taung National Park, vol. 2): 1–124.

Lam, W.N. et al. [17 authors including Cai, Y.] (2021). Habitat Adaptation Mediates the Influence of Leaf Traits on Canopy Productivity: Evidence from a Tropical Freshwater Swamp Forest. Ecosystems: 021-00697-7.

Lee, S.M.L., Er, K.B.H., Loo, A.H.B. & Ang, W.F. (2021). Rediscovery of the Sculptured Toadstool, Amanita sculpta (Amanitaceae) in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1):1–7.

Leong, P.K.F. & Lua, H.K. (2021). Ficus subulata: A new record for Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(2): 245–251.

Leong-Škorničková, J., Lamb, A., Linton, J. & Gokusing, L. (2021). Six new Orchidantha species (Lowiaceae) from Borneo. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(1): 179–202.

Lim, K., Tan, A., Ho, K., Sng, W., Lim, H.P., Chan C., Toh, X., Ong, J., Chang, S.F. & Fernandez, C.J. (2021). Resolution of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2; Lagovirus europeus GI.2) outbreak in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases :

Lim, K. & Xie S. (2021). Application of Epidemiology and Principles of Herd/Flock Health for the Exotic Animal Veterinarian. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice 24(3): 495–507.

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2021). Nomenclatural and taxonomic clarifications in Amblovenatum (Thelypteridaceae). Kew Bulletin 76: 317–321.

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2021). Proposal to conserve the name Asplenium arifolium (Parahemionitis arifolia) (Pteridaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 70(5): 1133–1134.

Low, D.H.W., Hitch, A., Skiles, M.M., Borthwick, S.A., Neves, E.S., Lim, Z.X., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Su, Y.C.F., Smith, G.J.D. & Mendenhall, I.M. (2021). Host specificity of Hepatocystis infection in short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus brachyotis) in Singapore. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 15: 35–42

Low, J.K.Y. & Chew, N.K.M. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Spotted sand-diver, Trichonotus setiger , off Sisters Islands. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021075.

Low, J.K.Y. & Jaafar, Z. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Recent record of queenfish, Scomberoides tol, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021036.

Luo, W.H., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.-H., Yucel, G., Ow, G. & Yusof, M.L.M. (2021). Tree Root Positioning in Heterogeneous Soil Environment Using GPR. In: 2021 IEEE USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (Joint with AP-S Symposium) , pp. 118–119. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Ly, N.S, Do, D.G., Cao, N.G., Truong, B.V., Nguyen, V.T. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Zingiber magang and Z. tamii (Zingiberaceae), two new species from central Vietnam. Taiwania 66(2): 232–240.

Maurin, O. et al. [35 authors including Low, Y.W. & Turner, I.M.] (2021). A nuclear phylogenomic study of the angiosperm order Myrtales, exploring the potential and limitations of the universal Angiosperms353 probe set. American Journal of Botany 108(7): 1087–1111.

Middleton, D.J., Bertling, M., McNeill, J. & Möller, M. (2021). Proposal to conserve the name Tetraphyllum Griff. ex C.B. Clarke (Gesneriaceae) against Tetraphyllum Hosius & Marck (published as fossil Magnoliophyta). Taxon 70(2): 437–438.

Middleton, D.J., Nguyễn, Q.B., Trần, H.Đ. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). A new species of Raphiocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Vietnam. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 78(article 365): 1–4.

Middleton, D.J., Thant Shin & Baba, Y. (2021). A new species of Petrocosmea (Gesneriaceae) from Myanmar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73: 457–460.

Neo, L., Tan, H.T.W. & Wong, K.M. (2021). Centres of endemism in Borneo and their environmental correlates revealed by endemic plant genera. Flora 285: 151966.

Neo, L., Tan, H.T.W. & Wong, K.M. (2021). Too little too late? Conservation exigencies for Borneo inferred from biogeographic considerations of its endemic plant genera against intense landscape modifications. Biodiversity and Conservation 31: 59–76.

Ng, X.Y., Lua, H.K., Boo, C.M. & Lim, R.C.J. (2021). Status and distribution of Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021039.

Ng, X.Y., Pannell, C.M., Ang, W.F., Loo, A.H.B. & Er, K.B.H. (2021). Status and distribution of Aglaia multinervis Pannell in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021049.

Ngiam, R.W.J., Chan, J.P.S., Khoo, M.D.Y., Kong, E.Y.L. & Low, B.W. (2021). Description of the larva of Brachygonia oculata (Brauer, 1878) (Odonata: Libellulidae) with notes on rearing technique. Zootaxa 4966(5): 563–570.

Nguyen, N.T.H., Friess, D.A., Todd, P.A., Mazor, T., Lovelock, C.E., Lowe, R., Gilmour, J., Chou, L.M., Bhatia, N., Jaafar, Z., Tun, K., Yaakub, S.M, & Huang, D.W. (2022). Maximising resilience to sealevel rise in urban coastal ecosystems through systematic conservation planning. Landscape and Urban Planning 221: 104374.

Niissalo, M.A. & Choo, L.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors 25: Taxonomic notes on new discoveries from Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, including two native genera newly recorded. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 73(1): 33–48.

Niissalo, M.A., Gardner, E.M., Khew, G.S., Šída, O. , Poulsen, A.D. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2022). Whence came these plants most foul? Phylogenomics and biogeography of Lowiaceae (Zingiberales). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9: 794977.

Oh, R.R.Y., Fielding, K.S., Chang, C.C., Nghiem, L.T.P., Quazi, S.A., Shanahan, D.F., Gaston, K.J., Carrasco, L.R. & Fuller, R.A. (2021). Health and wellbeing benefits from nature experiences in tropical settings depend on strength of connection to nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18: 10149.

Ow, L.F. & Chan, E. (2021). Deffering waterlogging through stormwater control and channelling of runoff. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 65: 127351.

Ow-Yong, W.L., Todd, P.A., Ang, A.C.F., Ying, L.S.M., Teo., Lee, S.H.R., Low, J. & Neo, M.L. (2022). Fluted giant clam (Tridacna squamosa) restocking experiment in an urban turbid reef environment. Aquatic Conservation: doi. org/10.1002/aqc.3789.

Park, S.H., Petrunoff, N.A., Wang, N.X., van Dam, R.M., Sia, A., Tan, C.S. & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Daily park use, physical activity, and psychological stress: A study using smartphonebased ecological momentary assessment amongst a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Mental Health and Physical Activity 22: 100440.

Patil, S., Shinde, R.D., Leong-Škorničková, J. & Chaudhuri, R. (2021). Fixing stray traditions in gingers: the identity and nomenclatural history of Zingiber neesanum and other entwined names. Taxon 70(6): 1339–1351.

Petrunoff, N.A., Edney, S., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B.L., Joel, K.R., Xin, W.N., Sia, A. et al. (2022). Associations of park features with park use and park-based physical activity in an urban environment in Asia: A cross-sectional study. Health & Place 75: 102790.

Petrunoff, N.A., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B., Sia, A. et al. (2021). Associations of park access, park use and physical activity in parks with wellbeing in an Asian urban environment: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 18: 87.

Phang, A. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 27: Typifications in the yam family (Dioscoreaceae) and the resurrection of Dioscorea tenuifolia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73: 279–292.

Rahayu, S. & Rodda, M. (2021). Hoya buntokensis (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), a new myrmecophytic species, and Hoya wallichii subsp. tenebrosa, a new subspecies from Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Blumea 66: 236–241.

Ramchunder, S.J., Voutchkova, D.D., Estrada, E.S., Chuah, C.J., Evaristo, J., Ng, D., Cai, Y., Koh, R.Y.T., & Ziegler, A.D. (2022). Flowpath influence on stream acid events in tropical urban streams in Singapore. Hydrological Processes 36: e14467.

Randi, A., Wijedasa, L.S., Boyce, P.C. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Two new species of Hanguana (Hanguanaceae) from Kalimantan, Indonesia. Blumea 66: 101–105.

Randi, A., Wijedasa, L., & Thomas, D.C. (2022). Disepalum rawagambut (Annonaceae), a new tree species from peat swamp forest of Sumatra, Indonesia. Phytotaxa 530(1): 121–126.

Rodda, M. & Niissalo, M. (2021). Plastome evolution and organisation in the Hoya group (Apocynaceae). Scientific Reports 11: 14520.

Sankar, A., Chakranorty, D., Law, I.T., Yap, S. & Tan, J. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Predation of reticulated python by king cobra at Sungei Buloh. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021085.

Shin, Y.J., Midgley, G.F., Archer, E., Arneth, A., Barnes, D.K.A., Chan, L. et al. (2022). Actions to halt biodiversity loss generally benefit the climate. Global Change Biology: gcb.16109.

Sia, A., Tan, P.Y., Wong, J.C.M., Araib, S., Ang, W.F. & Er, K.B.H. (2022). The impact of gardening on mental resilience in times of stress: A case study during the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 68: 127448.

Sisakhon, K., Chayamarit, K., Wongkantrakorn, N., Middleton, D.J., Kiewbang, W., Salee, W. & Vajrodaya, S. (2021). The genus Phyllocyclus (Gentianaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 49(2): 173–177.

Soh, Z.W.W., Girinandhini, G. & Ascher, J.S. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Confirmed occurrence of the resin bee, Megachile butteli, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021108.

Soh, Z.W.W., Ng, M.F.C., Yap, S. & Foo, M. (2021). Biodiversity Record: First Singapore record of the cockroach, Haplosymploce ruficollis, with notes on potential models. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021109.

Soh, Z.W.W. & Wirawan, D. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Leafcutter bee and small carpenter bee feeding on a stinkhorn fungus. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021107.

Stefaner, K., Ghosh, S., Yusof, M.L., Ibrahim, H., Leitgeb, E., Schindlbacher, A. & Kitzler, B. (2021). Soil greenhouse gas fluxes from a humid tropical forest and differently managed urban parkland in Singapore. Science of the Total Environment 786: 147305.

Strijk, S.J., Hinsinger, D.D., Roeder, M.M., Chatrou, L.W., Couvreur, T.L.P., Erkens, R.H.J., Sauquet, H., Pirie, M.D., Thomas, D.C. & Cao, K. (2021). Chromosome-level reference genome of the Soursop (Annona muricata): A new resource for Magnoliid research and tropical pomology. Molecular Ecology Resources 21(5): 1608–1619.

Sun, H.H., Lee, Y.H., Li, C., Ow, L.F., Yusof, M.L. & Yucel, A.C. (2021). The orientation estimation of elongated underground objects via multipolarization aggregation and selection neural network. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 19: 3505905.

Sun, H.H., Lee, Y.H., Luo, W., Yusof, M.L., Ow, L.F. & Yucel, A.C. (2021). Dual-cross-polarized GPR measurement method for detection and orientation estimation of shallowly buried elongated object. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 70: 8004912.

Sun, H.H., Lee, Y.H., Yucel, A.C., Ow, G. & Yusof, M.L.M. (2021). Elongated Object Orientation Estimation Based on Deep Neural Networks. In: 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI), pp. 1998–1999. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Sunarti, S., Rugayah, Low, Y.W. & Lucas, E.J. (2022). Syzygium nusatenggaraense (Myrtaceae), a new rainforest tree species with a calyptrate calyx from the Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Telopea 25: 1–6.

Sungkaew, S., Teerawatananon, A., Goh, W.L., Rattamanee, C., Ohrnberger, D., Xia, N.H. & Wong, K.M. (2021). The ghosts of collections past: Characterisation of Neohouzeaua mekongensis (Bambuseae: Melocanninae) with an epitype. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 49(1): 142–150.

Tan, D.T., Maiti, R., Tan, Y., Wong, B. Liew, Y., Tan, J., Lee, T-T. D. & Burcham, D. (2022). General Feasibility of Physical Models of Tree Branches. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5: 835930.

Tan, Y.H.J., Cheo, P.R. & Tun, K.P.P. (2021). An inventory of zooxanthellate scleractinian coral diversity at East Coast Park Area B1. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021091.

Tang, Q., Shingate, P., Wardiatno, Y., John, A., Tay, B.H., Tay, Y.C., Yap, L.-M., Lim J., Tong, H.Y., Tun, K. et al. (2021). The different fates of two Asian horseshoe crab species with different dispersal abilities. Evolutionary Applications 14(8): 2124–2133.

Teo, Y.K.L., Middleton, D.J. & Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 24: Notes on Theaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1): 29–32.

Toh, X., Ong, J., Chan, C., Teo, X.H., Toh, S., Fernandez, C.J. & Huangfu, T. (2021). First detection of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases :

Turner, I.M. (2021). An updated synopsis of Ludwigia (Onagraceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia 20(1): 9–16.

Turner, I.M.(2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 22: typifying Tongkat Ali and other notes on the Simaroubaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73: 9–16.

Turner, I.M.(2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 23: notes on Ochnaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73: 17–27.

Turner, I.M.& Jennings, L.V.S. (2021). A new name for an Indonesian Garcinia (Clusiaceae) species with dehiscent fruit. Annales Botanici Fennici 58: 361–362.

Turner, I.M.& Trias Blasi, A. (2021). (2814) Proposal to conserve the name Leea macrophylla against Aralia lappifolia (Vitaceae). Taxon 70: 445.

Vijayaraghavan, K., Biswal, B.K., Adam, M.G., Soh, S.H., Tsen-Tieng, D.L., Davis, A.P., Hoe, C.S., Yok, T.P., Babovic, V. & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Bioretention systems for stormwater management: recent advances and future prospects. Journal of Environmental Management 292: 112766.

Wan, J.M., Mishak, S., Muhammad Fadhli, A., Ng, S.K.W. , Lee, R.S.K. & Lim, N.T-L. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Mainland leopard cat in Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve. Nature in Singapore 14: e2021046.

Wang, Y., Tan, S.W., Yusof, M.L., Ghosh. S. & Lam. Y.M. (2022). Assessment of heavy metal and metalloid levels and screening potential of tropical plant species for phytoremediation in Singapore. Environmental Pollution 295: 118681.

Wasser, S.K., Wolock, C.J., Kuhner, M.K., Brown III, J.E., Morris, C., Horwitz, R.J., Wong, A., Fernandez, C.J. et al. (2022). Elephant genotypes reveal the size and connectivity of transnational ivory traffickers. Nature Human Behaviour 6: 371–382.

Xue, B., Wang, G., Zhou, X.-X., Huang, Y., Tong, Y., Li, Y. & Chen, J. (2021). Artabotrys pachypetalus (Annonaceae), a new species from China. PhytoKeys 178: 71–80.

Yam, T.W. (2022). Breeding with Dendrobium lasianthera at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Malayan Orchid Review 55: 21–28.

Yap, K.L., Soh, M.C.K., Sia, A., Araib, S., Ang, W.P. , Chin, W.J., Tan, P.Y. & Er, K.B.H. (2022). The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the demand for different shades of green. People and Nature :

Ye, X.-E., Xia, N.-H., Nguyen, Q.B., Tran, H.D. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Taxonomic studies on Amomum and related genera (Zingiberaceae) in China III: Meistera vespertilio, a correct name for a widespread species in China, Laos and Vietnam previously misidentified as M. muricarpa. Nordic Journal of Botany 39(6): e03071.

Yeo, D., Srivathsan, A., Puniamoorthy, J., Foo, M., Grootaert, P., Chan, L., Guenard, B., Damken, C., Wahab, R.A., Ang, Y. & Meier, R. (2021). Mangroves are an overlooked hotspot of insect diversity despite low plant diversity. BMC Biology 19: 202.

Yeo, R.S.W., Liao, L.M. & Ho, B.C. (2021). Visia cylindrocellularis : A new record of freshwater red algae (Rhodophyta) in Singapore and extension of its geographical distribution range. Nova Hedwigia 112(3-4): 323–333.

Yip, Z.T., Lim, C.S., Tay, Y.C., Tan, Y.H.J., Beng, S., Tun, K., Teo, S.L.M. & Huang, D. (2021). Environmental DNA detection of the invasive mussel Mytella strigata as a surveillance tool. Management of Biological Invasions 12(3): 578–598.

Yoh, N., Kingston, T., McArthur, E., Aylen, O.E., Huang, J. C.-C., Jinggong, E.R., Khan, F.A.A., Lee, B.P.Y-H., Mitchell, S.L., Bicknell, J.E. & Struebig, M.J. (2022). A machine learning framework to classify Southeast Asian echolocating bats. Ecological Indicators 136: 108696.

Magazine Articles

Bazilah, I., Ho, B.C. & Lee, S. (2021) Collaborators in Research: International researchers working on the Flora of Singapore project. Gardenwise 57: 26.

Chia, E. (2022). Exploring the origins of a remnant of early ornamental cast ironwork. Gardenwise 58: 13–15.

Chin, L.L., Koh, T.S., Yong, C., Lua, H.K., Ho, B.C. & Chen, L. (2021). Conserving the Woolly Frogsmouth, a native wetland species. Gardenwise 57: 14–16.

Choo, M. & Whang, L.K. (2021). The new Tropical Montane Orchidetum. Gardenwise 57: 3–7.

Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2021). The diversity and ethnobotany of the Mango tree family. Gardenwise 57: 17–21.

Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2022). The king of fruits: Ethnobotany and diversity of the durians. Gardenwise 58: 23–26.

Ho, B.C. & Wong, R. (2022). A new record of plant species for Singapore growing on the Lady McNeice tree. Gardenwise 58: 2–4.

Law, I.S., Law, I.T., Wan, A., Lai, S. & Lim, J. (2022). Monitoring the monitors. Gardenwise 58: 16–18.

Lee, S. (2021). From the Earth: The sum of its parts. Gardenwise 57: 27–28.

Lee, S., Middleton, D.J. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Development of new herbarium boxes to ensure the longevity of SING’s collections. The Vasculum 16: 12–18.

Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Ginger and Its Allies: Etlingera corneri – 'rose' of the tropics. Gardenwise 57: 29–30.

Lim, J., Lim, J., Lai, S., Ooi, Z.Y., Tang, S., Koh, S., Ng, D. & Rodda, M. (2021). New attractions in the Gallop Extension. Gardenwise 57: 8–13.

Low, Y.W. (2022). The looped string or woven bags of New Guinea. Gardenwise 58: 19–22.

Low, Y.W., Bazilah, I. & Davis, A. (2021). Around the Gardens: Retirement of a long-time staff member, Zakiah binte Agil. Gardenwise 57: 40.

Middleton, D. (2021). From the Taxonomy Corner: Conservation Assessments. Gardenwise 57: 23–25.

Middleton, D. (2022). From the Taxonomy Corner: Endemic species in Singapore. Gardenwise 58: 27–28.

Muhammad Taufiq, J., Loe, S. & Tan H.M. (2021). From Education Outreach: Framing nature through photography and botanical art. Gardenwise 57: 33–35.

Nura, A.K. (2021). Beyond the Gardens: The Human x Nature exhibition, a collaboration with the National Library Board. Gardenwise 57: 38–39.

Nura, A.K. (2021). What’s Blooming: Heralding new openings with blooms. Gardenwise 57: 36–37.

Nura, A.K. (2022). What’s Blooming: The Golden Gardenia, a garden showstopper! Gardenwise 58: 34–35.

Nurul Izzah Binte Taha & Chia, E. (2022). Shorea macroptera, one tree’s legacy. Gardenwise 58: 5–7.

Rodda, M. (2022). Around the Gardens: Pen and ink illustrations from the Singapore Botanic Gardens Archives. Gardenwise 58: 38–40.

Rodda, M. (2022). From the Archives: Banks’ Florilegium. Gardenwise 58: Back cover.

Rodda, M. (2021). Plant illustrations in black ink. Gardenwise 57: Back cover.

Tan, J. (2022). Around the Gardens: Trees of the World 2021. Gardenwise 58: 36–37.

Tan, R. & Whang, L.K. (2022). The SGF Hort Show 2021 Orchid Competition. Gardenwise 58: 8–12.

Tan, W.X. & Koh, J. (2021). A landscape architecture collaboration with Singapore Polytechnic. Gardenwise 57: 22.

Whang, L.K. (2021). Around the Gardens: An award-winning orchid hybrid named for our City in Nature. Gardenwise 57: 41.

Whang, L.K. (2022). Around the Gardens: Recently named VIP Orchids. Gardenwise 58: 41.

Wong, W. (2021). Edibles: How to grow leafy vegetables. Gardenwise 57: 31–32.

Wong, W. (2022). Edibles: Starting edibles from stem cuttings. Gardenwise 58: 31–33.