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Hymenocallis littoralis


Hymenocallis littoralis

Family Name: Amaryllidaceae
Synonyms: Pancratium littorale
Common Name: Spider Lily, Beach Spiderlily


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant


Native Distribution Mexico to Peru and Brazil
Native Habitat Terrestrial

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Herbaceous plant.
Foliage Smooth, glossy leaves are long and strap-shaped with entire leaf margin. Leaves are slightly folded along the midrib and have an acute leaf tip.
Flowers Large white flowers are borne on a thick, flattened stem. Flowers are composed of 4 petal-like, linear sepals, petals fused together in the shaped of a funnel, 6 long stamens with yellow anthers, and 1 long stigma with a round tip.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
Usage Hazard - Cons Toxic Upon Ingestion

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Image Repository



Master ID 823
Species ID 2118
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 February 2022.