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Murraya paniculata


Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack

Family Name: Rutaceae
Synonyms: Chalcas exotica, Chalcas paniculataLimonia malliculensis, Murraya exoticaMurraya japonensis
Common Name: Orange Jasmine, Mock Lime, Kemuning, Mock Orange, China Box, Burmese Boxwood, Chinese Box, Kemuning Lada, Orange Jessamine, 九里香, 千里香

Murraya paniculata is a compact shrub with shiny, oval-shaped dark green leaves and clusters of white flowers with strong fragrance similar like citrus flowers, hence the common name. This free-flowering plant is commonly planted in parks and gardens as hedge or topiary.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Shrubby
Maximum Height 2.5 m to 3.5 m


Native Distribution Southern & Southeast Asia, Northern Australia and New Caledonia.
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A fine textured, medium-sized shrub, that grows up to 8 m tall, but usually cultivated and maintained to about 2.5- 3.5 m tall.
Foliage Leaves are evergreen, alternate, compound (with 3 - 7 leaflets), odd-pinnate. Leaflet is ovate-shaped, about 2 - 3 cm long, dark green and glossy.
Stems Multi-stemmed, but can be trained to grow with a short, single stem.
Flowers Flowers are white, flowers all year round and have a pleasant fragrance. Flowers are borne in clusters on the terminal or axillary stem and branches.
Fruit Fruit ripen to red, oval, fleshy and measure about  1- 3 cm long.
Cultivation Grow in rich and moist, well-drained loamy soil, under full sun but can also tolerate a wide range of soil. Can tolerate slight shade but flowers best under full sun. Plants can be grown in containers, propagated via seed or stem cutting.
Etymology Genus Murraya is named in honor of Johan Andreas Murray (1740 - 1791), Professor of Botany at Gottingen. Species paniculata means with a branched-racemose or cymose inflorescence.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal:

<i>M.paniculata</i> is commonly used in traditional medicine for treatment of diarrhea, abdominal pain, stomach ache, dysentery, headache, edema, thrombosis and stasis of blood (Dosoky et al., 2016).

It is important to note that some therapeutic effects from traditional medicinal uses of plants are not currently supported or verified by scientific research.

Cultural / Religious: Heritage Tree: There are 2 individuals of Murraya paniculata listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. Both trees can be found in Changi, Andover Road. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping A hardy plant that is free flowering all year round with glossy dark green leaves, commonly planted as hedges or for screening.
Desirable Plant Features Fragrant (Flowers) (Day), Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Hedge / Screening, Topiary, Parks & Gardens
Thematic Landscaping Formal Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bird Attracting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils, Alkaline high pH Soils
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting, Air-Layering
Maintenance Requirements Remarks High maintenance is required if used for topiary landscapes or formal gardens.
Planting Distance 90 cm to 150 cm


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Foliar Type Compound (Odd-Pinnate)
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flowering Period Free-Flowering
Flowering Opening Time Daytime
Flowering Habit Polycarpic

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Few (1-5)


References Dosoky NS, Satyal P, Gautam TP, Setzer WN. Composition and Biological Activities of Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack Essential Oil from Nepal. Medicines (Basel). 2016 Feb 26;3(1):7. doi: 10.3390/medicines3010007. PMID: 28930117; PMCID: PMC5456234.

Image Repository



Master ID 945
Species ID 2239
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 03 May 2023.