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Lepisanthes amoena


Lepisanthes amoena (Hassk.) Leenh.

Family Name: Sapindaceae
Common Name: Kayu Mata Hari


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 10 m


Native Distribution Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, West Java and Timor.
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree, up to 10 m tall.
Foliage The compound leaves are alternately arranged, with opposite to sub-opposite leaflets, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate. Young leaves are pinkish-purple, turning green when mature.
Flowers Flowers are borne in clusters, up to 60 cm long. Individual flowers are about 6 mm in diameter, yellowish-white or red in color.
Fruit Fruits are trigonous-obovoid, measuring about 2-3 cm in diameter. Mature fruits are yellow, brown, or red in color.
Habitat It is found in lowland and hill dipterocarp forests, up to 950 m altitude. It is also found in disturbed forests and swamp forests, up to 1650 m altitude.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Riverine

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Pink, Purple
Foliar Type Compound
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden, White, Red
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Yellow / Golden, Red, Brown

Image Repository



Master ID 1704
Species ID 2997
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 21 June 2024.