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Pterocarpus indicus (Variegated)

Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

It is a cultivated variety of Pterocarpus indicus . The cream-green mottled patterns on the leaves make this tree a highly ornamental cultivar.

Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Roadside Tree / Palm Ornamental Foliage Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Rounded, Weeping / Pendulous


Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree with spreading dome-shaped crown and pendulous arching branches.
Foliage The leaves are compound and consist of many leaflets which have an attractive cream-green mottled pattern.
Cultivation Like Pterocarpus indicus, prone to being attacked by leafminer caterpillars of a small moth (Neolithocolletis pentadesma), which cause unsightly leaves and even complete defoliation during serious infestation. The infestation can be controlled using systemic soil drench or trunk-injection pesticides. It may also be vulnerable to Fusarium Wilt caused by the Fusarium oxysporum fungus.
Etymology The genus 'Pterocarpus' means 'winged seed' in Greek, a reference to the winged 1-seeded papery fruits produced by members of this genus. The species epithet 'indicus' means 'from India', but also liberally applied to plants originating from across the East Indies.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Roadside Tree / Palm, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
Usage Hazard - Cons Weak Branches

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, White
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 40 Tree Dense Canopy

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Non Palm) Woody
Stem Type & Modification Woody
Root Type Underground (Tap Root, Fibrous Root)

Image Repository



Master ID 1801
Species ID 3094
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 04 August 2021.